Ayurvedic Treatment for Prediabetes & Diabetes Type 2


The efficacy of Ayurvedic herbs has been proved both in practical prognosis and laboratory tests. Studies have proved their efficacy over long term management of Diabetes Type-2, which includes not only blood glucose lowering capacity, but also improving the overall glucose metabolism.. The following treatments are helpful in


Diabetes type-2 and its  associated complications like 

Cardiovascular disease

Nerve damage (neuropathy)

Kidney damage (nephropathy)

Eye damage (retinopathy)

Diabetic foot

Diabetic Skin conditions


Type 2 diabetes is a constantly evolving disease which affects multiple organs at one go. It is popularly known as non-insulin dependent diabetes. It is a mild form of diabetes, appearing generally in adulthood. Progressively this disease causes damage to pancreas, kidneys, heart skin, eyes and nerves which are easily managed by the following treatment plans and herbs. It is basically divided into treatment for pre-diabetes, established diabetes and long standing diabetes(having complications).


Treatment in Pre-diabetic Condition

The combination of Haridra(Turmeric) and Amla(Indian Gooseberry) has been used in ethno medical practices. Recent studies have shown its  involvement in regeneration and rejuvenation of cells leading to an increased insulin production and secretion


(1) and reduction of glucose and blood pressure

(2)Treatment in Established Diabetes

Vijaysaar(Petrocarpus Marsupium), Chirayta(Swertia chirayita)are one of the most potent antidiabetic herbs. This combination shows significant reduction in post pardinal sugar

(3), along with overcoming insulin resistance

(4). It also shows hepatoprotective

(5) and Cardiotonic activities

(6).Treatment in Long Standing Diabetes

Neem (Azadirachta Indica) and Jamun(Syzygium cumini) show significant reduction in diabetes when used for long term. Neem blocks the action of epinephrine on glucose metabolism, thus increasing peripheral glucose utilization

(7). It has also shown to delay the onset of diabetes

(8).Jamun on the other hand restores altered hepatic and skeletal muscle glycogen content and hepatic glucokinase

(9). Its seeds and fruit pulp contains bio active properties which directly reduce the blood glucose levels .





In Prediabetes
Ayurvedic treatment in prediabetes requires that the herbs have to be mixed in powdered form in an equal proportion. The shelf life will be not more than 2 months for maximum benefits. The powder in the dose of 2 gm has to be taken empty stomach, every morning, along with warm water.

Ayurveda treatment in Diabetes
Ayurvedic treatment in diabetes type 2 includes the heartwood of vijaysaar and the whole plant of chirayta are used at a dose of 2-4 grams after food twice a day. It can be molded into tablet form by adding a suitable binding agent, since both the crude drugs in powdered form are extremely bitter in taste.



In Long standing Diabetes Patients
Both Jamun and Neem are to be used independently and not mixed. Of neem, seed, extracted oils, leaf, root, heartwood are used in the form of paste or decoction. Extracts are available in market for pharmaceutical drug production. Oil is also used for external oleation during panchakarma detoxification. Of Jamun mainly fruit pulp and dried seed powder are used. 


Turmeric: Since turmeric is hot by nature, excessive use in summers is not advised. The amount of turmeric added to the mixture can be increased gradually to fifty percent till winters.

Vijaysaar(Petrocarpus Marsupium), Chirayta(Swertia chirayita)
Being very potent medicines, these should not be used empty stomach. Also diabetic patients with extreme weight loss and electrolyte imbalance should take these medicines under strict medical observation.
 
Jamun :The fruit of jamun is to be taken with low sodium salt to make it palatable. It is one of the safest fruits in pregnancy induced diabetes. Neem is an extremely potent medicine and should never be taken empty stomach as it brings down sugar levels instantaneously. Also it should not be administered in pregnancy induced diabetes.
Antidiabetic activity
Aqueous extract of Pterocarpus marsupium at both doses, i.e., 100 and 200 mg/kg, decreased the fasting and postprandial blood glucose in lab studies. The 200 mg/kg had more effect on postprandial hyperglycemia. The aqueous extract at both doses significantly (P < 0.001) decreased the elevated TNF-α levels.

(1)Anti-hyperglycemic and hypoglycemic activity
Aqueous extract of Pterocarpus marsupium reduced the blood sugar levels and also significantly lowered the blood …after daily oral administration of the extract

(2)Anti-hyperinsulinaemic and anti-hypertriglyceridaemic activity
The aqueous extract of Pterocarpus marsupium bark substantially prevented insulin resistance (hyperinsulinaemia) and hypertriglyceridaemia..The results proved that there is a significant reduction of serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, LDL- and VLDL- cholesterol without any significant effect on the level of HDL- cholesterol

(3)Hepatoprotective activity
Methanol extract of the stem bark of P. marsupium possesses hepatoprotective activity. the toxic effect of CCl4 was controlled significantly by restoration of the levels of serum bilirubin, protein and enzymes as compared to the normal and the standard drug silymarin-treated groups

(4)Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity
In human peripheral blood, Pterocarpus marsupium extract was shown to decrease prostaglandin E2 levels possibly through inhibition of the inflammatory mediator cyclooxygenase-2

(5)Cardiotonic activity
Cardiotonic effect of aqueous extract of Pterocarpus marsupium heartwood was studied…..  The result indicates that a significant increase in height of force of contraction with decrease in heart rate was observed as test dose increases

(6)Analgesic and antioxidant activity
The bark extract of Pterocarpus. marsupium possesses the ability to significantly reduce pain threshold and also increase the response latency period to thermal stimuli , similar to the reference drug pentazocine.