What is morning sickness?

Morning sickness is described as nausea experienced during pregnancy, usually in the mornings after waking up. It is most common during a woman's first trimester. At times, it starts as early as fourteen days after conception. Morning sickness varies for each woman. For some, it is merely a food aversion, while for others, it is regular queasiness in the morning, and that ends after lunch. Yet, for others, it is an overwhelming feeling that lasts all day. 

Nausea during early pregnancy is sometimes termed morning sickness. More than half of pregnant women can experience vomiting or some degree of nausea during early pregnancy. Studies indicate that women with severe nausea who brought up their weight later in the pregnancy had identical birth outcomes as women with no morning sickness whatsoever.

See: Third Trimester Nausea Causes & Remedies

Morning sickness causes

Why do women experience nausea when pregnant?

The precise cause for morning sickness is unclear, but changes in our bodies can be factors. The surge of pregnancy hormones and a temporarily more sensitive digestive system probably play a role.

 Nearly 80 percent of women will experience nausea to some degree during pregnancy. Are there any natural or home remedies you can take to feel better? Fortunately, some natural morning sickness remedies can help you to get through these rough weeks.

See: Homeopathy can help Curb Morning Sickness

Morning sickness symptoms vs nausea

Morning sickness is an uncomfortable condition that may occur with or without nausea. But the primary difference between nausea caused by morning sickness and nausea caused by other conditions is other early pregnancy signs accompany that morning sickness. These symptoms include:

A delayed or missed period. Some individuals may experience bleeding once they get pregnant, but this bleeding is relatively light and is a lot shorter than a normal period. A missed period may also be caused by excessive weight loss or gain, fatigue, anxiety, change in birth control usage, illness, higher activity level, and breastfeeding.

•  Tiredness or fatigue. This state may be caused by anxiety, overworking, mental health issues like depression, the cold, the flu, a virus, allergies, insomnia, and poor nutrition.

Reduced backaches. These may also be due to PMS, poor form when exercising, trauma, poor sleeping habits, poor footwear, overweight, and anxiety.

Mood swings brought on by hormonal fluctuations. Mood swings may also be brought on by poor nutrition, hormonal imbalance, or underlying mental health difficulties.

Frequent urination. This inconvenience can be due to an increase in liquid ingestion or ingestion of diuretics like coffee. But it may also be caused by urinary tract infections and diabetes.

An alteration in breasts. Normally pregnancy causes swollen or sensitive breasts that feel tender to the touch. Besides, it can cause the darkening of the areas around the nipples (areolas). These breasts' changes may be brought on by hormonal imbalances, changes in birth control, and PMS.

Headaches. Headaches are generally brought on by caffeine and dehydration. They can also result from PMS, withdrawals from alcohol or drugs, eye strain, and anxiety.

Food cravings or food aversions: You may feel like eating foods that you normally do not enjoy eating or avoiding foods you normally like to eat. These signs can also be brought on by a bad diet, lack of proper nourishment, stress and anxiety, depression, PMS, or illness.

 Have a pregnancy test to find out for sure.

See: Acupuncture provides relief for morning sickness in pregnancy

Natural remedies to prevent morning sickness

How to prevent & treat morning sickness naturally

First of all, ensure that you are eating a balanced diet, getting fresh air, and exercise most days, sleeping at least eight hours every night. Home remedies for eating well even when you're feeling bad:

- Do not let yourself get too hungry. You may not require plenty of additional calories daily. Munching on healthy snacks during the days can be helpful.

- Eat nutritionally-dense foods. If you're too nauseous at the first trimester, stick with brown rice with sea salt, gelatin and avocado chucked in smoothies for additional protein, bone broth, fresh fruits (gummies can go down nicely ), and anything else that you could stomach.

- Eat balanced meals. As best as possible, eat balanced meals with adequate protein, fat, and complex carbohydrates for the best blood glucose regulation.

- Keep snacks handy. Keep food from the bed to nibble on before getting up in the morning. Some mothers do better with carbohydrates to help offset nausea (think bananas and crackers), but others feel better on fats and protein.

- Do not take prenatal supplements on an empty stomach. Consider taking these after dinner once your stomach is full and not as susceptible to queasiness. Food-based prenatal care is easier on the stomach.

- Try bubbly beverages. Fizzy drinks, such as seltzer or ginger ale, may help settle the stomach. 

Avoid spicy or greasy food. Spicy food may promote heartburn, and fatty food is tough to digest. Both of these things may lead to more significant nausea.

- Chew gum. Some mothers find chewing a piece of gum immediately after a meal takes away some nausea. Don't chew for over 10 minutes, as too much chewing could lead to heartburn.

- Avoid strong odors. Some studies indicate offending scents smell twice as powerful to pregnant women.

- Other Self-Care Techniques

You can even try some self-care care methods. These can help prevent and alleviate morning sickness:

- Eat several small meals daily. Try eating every 1 to 2 hours. This may keep your stomach from becoming empty.

- Eat foods high in complex carbohydrates such as pasta, bananas, and green, leafy vegetables.

- Do not eat greasy and spicy foods.

- Sip on fluids that are cold, clear, and carbonated between meals.

- Suck on peppermint or sniff chopped lemon if an odor bothers you.

- Try motion sickness or acupressure wristbands.

See: Acupuncture for Nausea & Vomiting Treatment

Home remedies for morning sickness relief

When the above steps are not sufficient to make those early weeks bearable, consider these morning sickness remedies--but always speak with your health care provider before incorporating any of these products for your regime.

- Vitamin B6

This vitamin is the traditional morning sickness remedy. In actuality, The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) recommends this over-the-counter vitamin as a treatment for nausea--just note it might not help with nausea. Speak with your healthcare provider about any supplementation during pregnancy to learn what dosage is ideal for you. This remedy is a short-term fix, and it requires a few days to take effect, but it can make a difference.

- Magnesium

Some research suggests magnesium deficiency can exacerbate morning sickness. If you're searching for morning sickness remedies, eat loads of high-magnesium foods like leafy greens, nuts and seeds, and beans. You could even raise your magnesium stores through supplements or directly through the skin through Epsom salt baths or magnesium oil.

- Citrus fruits

Grapefruit neutralizes stomach acid, which can help stave off morning sickness. Try eating half a grapefruit after every meal. You can even try lemon water or sugar-free lemonade for comparable outcomes.

Papaya enzymes

Digestive enzymes can help with optimum digestion, which can help avoid queasiness. Among the most popular morning sickness remedies is papaya enzymes, since it comprises pepsin, a chemical which helps break down proteins and obviously prepare the body for digestion.

Dandelion root tea

The liver faces a huge strain when you are pregnant. Not only does this have to keep up with routine maintenance, but it must process all the additional pregnancy hormones, also. When the liver is not working well, digestion does not work well.

Peppermint

Peppermint is very good for soothing an upset stomach. You may get relief from items like tea or natural candies. Some mothers find peppermint essential oil also provides adequate relief.

- Potatoes

I discovered that eating potatoes helped with my morning sickness. It can be because they consume excess stomach acid or perhaps because they've alkalizing properties.

- Acupressure

Pressure points can be an incredible relief for some women that suffer from morning sickness. There are three great pressure things you can do in your home. To practice acupressure, put firm pressure on the selected point for two minutes. For optimum benefit, repeat this every 2 hours.

- Homeopathic remedies

Some homeopathic options are mild and safe morning sickness remedies but always speak with your physician before taking anything. Consult your homeopathic practitioner.

- Ayurveda

In Ayurveda, Morning sickness is named Garbhini Charddi. The term Garbhini in Sanskrit means pregnant woman and charddi means nausea.  Usually, it's associated with mild abdominal discomfort, followed by tastelessness. In a few of the pregnant women, headache, tingling sensation in the throat, excessive perspiration, nausea, and fatigue can also be found. A lemonade mix prepared by adding mint leaves, a pinch of cardamom,  and a teaspoon of honey is a good home remedy.

Curry leaves can be crushed to extract the juice. This paste is consumed along with water early in the morning. Consult an Ayurvedic practitioner for other Ayurvedic herbal formulations for your particular condition.

See: Comparing ginger and vitamin B6 for the treatment of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy: a randomised controlled trial.

How long does morning sickness last?

Nausea starts by the fifth or sixth week during pregnancy and might be the worst towards the start of the third month. Symptoms usually disappear around the beginning of the next trimester, but in 15 to 20 percent of girls, they might last longer.

Most morning sickness symptoms in pregnancy can be handled using the natural home remedies for morning sickness recommendations, but if you are still struggling, here are some safe over-the-counter drugs to consider:

Vitamin B6 supplementation can decrease nausea. Over the counter, Doxylamine is an antihistamine that is safe to take during pregnancy to reduce vomiting. Research suggests that vitamin B6 and Doxylamine are best when taken together.

A few pregnant women experience a condition called hyperemesis gravidarum, where continuous vomiting contributes to severe dehydration requiring medical care. In the hospital, women receive intravenous fluids and drugs.


See: Papaya Nutrition Facts & Health Benefits

References

1. Mayo Clinic Staff. (2014). Morning sickness.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/morning-sickness/symptoms-causes/syc-20375254

2. Mayo Clinic Staff. (2018). Nausea and vomiting. mayoclinic.org/symptoms/nausea/basics/when-to-see-doctor/sym-20050736

3. Forouhari, S., Ghaemi, S. Z., Roshandel, A., Moshfegh, Z., Rostambeigy, P., & Khoshkholgh, R. (2014). The effect of acupressure on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. Researcher 6(6), 27-34

http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher/research0606/007_21585research060614_27_34.pdf

4. Morning sickness relief: Treatment and supplements. (2015, February) http://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancy-health/morning-sickness-relief/

5. NIH study links morning sickness to lower risk of pregnancy loss. (2016, September 26) https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/nih-study-links-morning-sickness-lower-risk-pregnancy-loss

6. Overview of morning sickness. (n.d.) http://www.naturalremedies.org/morning-sickness/

7. Pregnancy - morning sickness. (n.d.) https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/pregnancy-morning-sickness

8. Morning sickness: Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. (2015). acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Morning-Sickness-Nausea-and-Vomiting-of-Pregnancy

9. Hyperemesis gravidarum. (2016, May 13) http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=8058

10. Morning sickness. (2014, March) https://familydoctor.org/condition/morning-sickness/

11. Morning sickness pill gets second look from persistent researchers. (2017, January 6) http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/01/06/508562318/morning-sickness-pill-gets-second-look-from-persistent-researchers

12. Severe morning sickness (hyperemesis gravidarum). (2014). kidshealth.org/en/parents/hyperemesis-gravidarum.html

13. Mayo Clinic Staff. (2014). Morning sickness.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/morning-sickness/symptoms-causes/syc-20375254

14. Mayo Clinic Staff. (2018). Nausea and vomiting. mayoclinic.org/symptoms/nausea/basics/when-to-see-doctor/sym-20050736

15. NIH study links morning sickness to lower risk of pregnancy loss. (2016, September 26) https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/nih-study-links-morning-sickness-lower-risk-pregnancy-loss

16. Overview of morning sickness. (n.d.) http://www.naturalremedies.org/morning-sickness/

17. Pregnancy - morning sickness. (n.d.) https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/pregnancy-morning-sickness

18. Morning sickness: Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. (2015). acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Morning-Sickness-Nausea-and-Vomiting-of-Pregnancy

19. Hyperemesis gravidarum. (2016, May 13) http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=8058

20. Morning sickness. (2014, March) https://familydoctor.org/condition/morning-sickness/

21. Morning sickness pill gets second look from persistent researchers. (2017, January 6) http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/01/06/508562318/morning-sickness-pill-gets-second-look-from-persistent-researchers

22. Severe morning sickness (hyperemesis gravidarum). (2014). kidshealth.org/en/parents/hyperemesis-gravidarum.html

23. Forouhari, S., Ghaemi, S. Z., Roshandel, A., Moshfegh, Z., Rostambeigy, P., & Khoshkholgh, R. (2014). The effect of acupressure on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. Researcher 6(6), 27-34

http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher/research0606/007_21585research060614_27_34.pdf

See: Ginger Health Benefits & Nutrition Facts

Get a Consultation
(650) 539-4545
Get more information via email