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Good diet and nutrition are an important part of leading a healthy lifestyle. Combined with physical activity, your diet can help you to reach and maintain a healthy weight, reduce your risk of chronic diseases (like heart disease and cancer), and promote your overall health.

What is diet therapy?

Diet therapy is a broad term for the practical application of nutrition as a preventative or corrective treatment of illness. This usually requires the modification of an existing dietary lifestyle to encourage optimal health. However, sometimes, a different dietary lifestyle program might be developed with the aim of eliminating certain foods so as to reclaim health.

The practice of changing diet for specific reasons has been around since eons. As an example, Judaism has included numerous dietary restrictions for centuries. One ancient Jewish sect, the Essenes, is believed to have developed a crude detox diet geared toward preparing the bodies, minds, and spirits of its members to the arrival of a "messiah" who would deliver them from their Roman captors. Preventative and curative diets became quite popular throughout the late twentieth century.

Several conditions are treated in conjunction with therapeutic diets. Treatments involve such as foods that enhance specific health conditions while avoiding foods that may make the condition worse. Some health conditions need temporary therapeutic diets. Other times a therapeutic diet might become a permanent change required to keep the person healthy. Medical experts or dietitians normally formulate therapeutic diets. The diet can change over time depending on the individual's response and improvement in health status.

Total nutrition demands absorption and ingestion of vitamins, essential amino acids in fats, protein, carbohydrate, and fat. Dietary habits and choices often play a substantial part in the quality of one’s lifestyle, wellness, physical and mental health, and general wellbeing.

See: Ayurvedic Diet

Diet therapy benefits

Individuals that are moderate to severely obese can derive significant health benefits in the diet. A weight loss of just 10 to 20 pounds could result in decreased cholesterol amounts and reduced blood pressure. Weight-related health issues include heart disease, diabetes, higher blood pressure, and elevated degrees of blood cholesterol and sugar.

In those that aren't obese, dietary modifications might also be useful in the prevention or therapy of a variety of ailments such as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), cancer, obesity, osteoporosis, inflammatory bowel disorder, chronic cardiovascular disease, renal disorder, Parkinson's disease, seizure disorders, and meals allergies and intolerances.

Diet therapy uses evidence from science and research and modify a person’s diet and nutrition to make a positive impact on a medical condition. 

Good diet and nutrition are an important part of leading a healthy lifestyle. Combined with physical activity, your diet can help you to reach and maintain a healthy weight, reduce your risk of chronic diseases (like heart disease and cancer), and promote your overall health.

Unhealthy eating habits have contributed to the obesity epidemic in the United States: about one-third of U.S. adults (33.8%) are obese and approximately 17% (or 12.5 million) of children and adolescents aged 2—19 years are obese.1 Even for people at a healthy weight, a poor diet is associated with major health risks that can cause illness and even death. These include heart disease, hypertension (high blood pressure), type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, and certain types of cancer. By making smart food choices, you can help protect yourself from these health problems.

The risk factors for adult chronic diseases, like hypertension and type 2 diabetes, are increasingly seen in younger ages, often a result of unhealthy eating habits and increased weight gain. Dietary habits established in childhood often carry into adulthood, so teaching children how to eat healthy at a young age will help them stay healthy throughout their life.

The link between good nutrition and healthy weight reduced chronic disease risk, and overall health is too important to ignore. By taking steps to eat healthily, you'll be on your way to getting the nutrients your body needs to stay healthy, active, and strong. As with physical activity, making small changes in your diet can go a long way, and it's easier than you think!

Learn more about how Diet therapy treatments and wellness plans can help you with the following conditions:

Diet therapy for Cancer Care

Diet therapy for PCOS

See: Migraine diet

Best types of diet for weight loss & health

The concept of a healthy diet is to supply each the nutrients and calories required by your system for optimum functioning, at precisely the exact same time ensuring that neither nutrient deficiencies nor excesses happen. Diet programs that promise to do these goals are so many they're virtually uncountable. These diets use many different strategies, including the following:

- Fixed-menu: Offers small alternative into the dieter. Simple to follow along, but might be regarded as boring.

- Formula: Contain all or some foods using a nutritionally balanced liquid powder or formula.

- Exchange-type: Enables the dieter to select between chosen foods from every food group.

- Flexible: Does not concern itself with the general diet, simply using one facet such as energy or fat.

- Diets might also be categorized based on the kinds of foods that they permit. As an instance, an omnivorous diet is composed of both plant and animal foods, whereas a lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet enables no animal flesh, but does contain eggs, milk, and dairy goods. A vegetarian diet is a more rigorous form of vegetarianism where legumes, cheese, and other dairy goods are banned.

- Another method of classifying diets would be based on their purpose: spiritual, weight loss, detox, lifestyle-related, or targeted toward prevention or therapy of a particular disease.

A healthy diet plan is a good illustration of a dietary modification you have to keep to stay healthier. People who have gluten intolerance should prevent gluten-containing foods to reduce damage to the intestines. The diet is a really frequent therapeutic diet involving restricting polyunsaturated foods that will help control glucose levels.


Best diet plans for weight loss & health 

Almost half of the American adults are estimated to lose some weight annually. Overweight and obesity are risk factors for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, certain cancers, and mortality. Additionally, obesity also exacerbates many other chronic ailments, such as hypertension, osteoarthritis, gallstones, and musculoskeletal issues. A sensible way to lose weight is by changing your diet. Some diets aim to curb your desire to decrease your food intake, while others suggest restricting your intake of calories and carbs or fat. What is more, many provide health benefits that go beyond weight loss. Here are a few of the best diet programs that can help you shed weight and improve your health.

- Low-carb diets

Low-carb diets are probably the most popular diets for weight reduction. Examples include the ketogenic (keto) diet, Atkins diet, and low carb, high-fat (LCHF) diet. Low-carb diets limit your caloric intake in favor of fat and protein.

- The DASH diet

The DASH diet plan intends to help cure or prevent hypertension or high blood pressure. (DASH is an abbreviation for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension). It emphasizes eating tons of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean meats and is low in salt, red meat, added sugars, and fat. While the DASH diet isn't a weight reduction diet, lots of individuals report losing weight onto it. The DASH diet recommends particular servings of different food groups. The amount of servings you're permitted to eat is dependent upon your daily calorie consumption.

- The paleo diet

The paleo diet recommends eating the same foods your hunter-gatherer ancestors supposedly ate. It is based on the concept that modern diseases are connected to the Western diet, as proponents believe that the human body has not evolved to process legumes, grains, and dairy. The paleo diet recommends eating whole foods, fruits, vegetables, lean meats, nuts, and seeds. It limits the consumption of processed foods, grains, sugar, and dairy, though some less restrictive versions allow for some dairy products such as cheese.

- Intermittent fasting

Intermittent fasting is a dietary plan that spans between times of eating and fasting. Various forms of this diet exist, such as the 16/8 method, which entails limiting your calorie consumption to 8 hours daily, along with the 5:2 method, which restricts your daily calorie intake to 500-600 calories twice each week. Intermittent fasting restricts the time you are permitted to consume, which is a very simple way to decrease your calorie intake. This may cause weight loss -- unless you compensate for eating an excessive amount of food during allowed eating intervals. It's been shown to assist weight loss and is connected to many other health benefits.

- Plant-based diets

Plant-based diets may help you lose weight. Vegetarianism and veganism would be the most popular versions, which limit animal products for health, ethical, and ecological factors. There are several plant-based diets, but most involve removing all meat, poultry, and fish. Some vegetarians may like to avoid eggs and dairy.

The Vegan diet carries it a step further by restricting all animal products, in addition to animal-derived products such as dairy, whey, gelatin, honey, casein, and albumin. Studies reveal that they help weight loss by lowering your calorie intake and give a number of other benefits.

- Low-fat diets

A low-carb diet entails restricting your fat intake to 30 percent of your daily calories. Some very- and - ultra-low-fat diets aim to limit fat intake to under 10 percent of calories. Low-fat diets restrict fat intake as fat provides about twice the amount of calories per gram, compared with the other two macronutrients -- protein and carbohydrates.

- The Mediterranean diet

The Mediterranean diet is based on meals that people in countries around the Mediterranean sea (such as Italy and Greece) used to consume. Though it was created to reduce heart disease risk, a lot of studies indicate it may also aid weight loss. The Mediterranean diet advocates eating tons of fruits, vegetables, seeds, nuts, legumes, tubers, whole grains, fish, seafood, and extra virgin olive oil.

See: How Adding Fiber in your Diet Helps Type 2 Diabetes

Cultural, religious, and ethnic diet options

Some religions and cultures have limitations concerning what foods are suitable within their diet. As an example, just Kosher foods are allowed by Judaism, and Halal meals by Islam. Even though Buddhists are usually vegetarians, the practice changes and meat-eating could be allowed based upon the sects. Hindus and Jains are vegetarian but ingestion of roots isn't permitted for Jains.

Tubal options - These diets may require supplementation or pruning for example vitamins to satisfy ordinary nutritional requirements.

A healthy diet plan is a good illustration of a dietary modification you have to keep to stay healthier. People who have gluten intolerance should prevent gluten-containing foods to reduce damage to the intestines. The diet is a really frequent therapeutic diet involving restricting polyunsaturated foods that will help control glucose levels. These kinds of diets require some getting used to. 

See: Kosher Diet and how it Reduce exposure to Carcinogens

What can dietary changes impact?

The answer is that diet change impacts one’s health more than one thinks.

a) Weight control

A certain diet could be selected to seek out weight loss or weight reduction. Some foods are especially advocated, or even modified, for conformity to the demands of a specific diet. These diets are usually recommended along with exercise. Particular weight reduction programs can be detrimental to health, while some could be beneficial and may consequently be appreciated as healthful diets. The terms"healthy diet" and"diet for weight loss control" tend to be associated, as both promote healthy weight control. Having a nutritious diet is a means to reduce health complications, and will offer your system with the ideal balance of minerals, vitamins, and other nutritional supplements. It's characterized by unusual eating habits which may involve either inadequate or excess diet.

b) Health

A wholesome diet can improve or maintain optimum wellness. In developed nations, affluence empowers unconstrained caloric consumption and potentially improper food choices.

Health agencies advocate that folks keep a normal weight by restricting consumption of energy-dense foods and carbonated beverages, eating plant-based meals, restricting consumption of processed and red meat, and limiting alcohol consumption. 

See: Diet Therapy For Healing Polycystic Ovary Syndrome PCOS

Precautions & side effects with diet therapy

Dieters should be careful about strategies that seriously limit the size of food items, or that eliminate whole food groups in the diet. It's highly likely that they will become frustrated and drop out of these programs. The ideal diet is one that may be kept indefinitely without unwanted consequences, which provides sufficient selection and balance to offer everything required for good health, and that's considerate of private food preferences.

Back in 2001, researchers found that three times as many people on average fat weight reduction diets stuck into their strategy in contrast to people on conventional low-fat diets. Not only do lots of diets provide just short-term and quick weight reduction, but some may be bad for your dieter's health. As an example, the American Heart Association made an announcement in late 2001 questioning the worth of non-invasive, low-carbohydrate diets. Though clinical trials demonstrated that these kinds of diets functioned in reducing weight without increasing cholesterol to the short term, lots of the participants obtained a proportion of their weight after just 1 year. 

See: Food allergy diet

Research

It's agreed among complementary and traditional practitioners that many patients could significantly benefit from improved eating habits with some level of exercise. Specialized diets have proved effective against a wide variety of conditions and diseases. But, dozens of unproved but widely publicized "fad diets" emerge each year, prompting widespread concerns about their effectiveness, cost to the customer, and their security. Many clinical trials and studies are finding more information every year which sometimes contradicts previous findings - leaving everyone a bit more confused of what guidelines to really follow.

See: Low FODMAP Diet For Irritable Bowel Syndrome IBS Relief

References

1. US Department of Health & Human Services

2. Colorado State University Extension: Gluten-Free Diet Guide for People with Newly Diagnosed Celiac Disease

3. MedlinePlus: Diabetic Diet

4. Journals related to Diet Therapy 

5. Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy,

6.  Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy, 

7. Vitamins & Minerals, 

8. Alternative & Integrative Medicine, 

9. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 

10. Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 

11. Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology, 

12. The Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, Clinical Calcium Journal. 

13.  “American College of Preventive Medicine Weighs in Against Fad Diets.” Obesity and Diabetes Week (March 17, 2003): 7.

14. “Atkins Diet Vindicated But Long-term Success Questionable.” Obesity, Fitness, and Wellness Week (June 14, 2003): 25.

15. Cerrato, Paul C. “AHA Questions High-protein Weight-loss Diets” Contemporary OB/GYN 46, no. 12 (December 2001): 107-112.

16. “Healthy Fat Superior to Low-fat diet for Long-term Weight Loss” Obesity, Fitness and Wellness Week (November 10, 2001): 2.

17. “High-protein Diets Risky for Bones and Kidneys.” Health Science (Spring 2003): 9.

See: Heart healthy diet plan to prevent heart disease

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