Sun Dried Tomatoes Nutrition Facts & Health Benefits


Sun Dried Tomatoes Health Benefits: 
Antioxidants | Cancer | Heart Diseases | Bone health | High Blood pressure | Anemia | Brain and Neurological | 

Tomatoes are a good source of vitamin C and vitamin A equivalents (in the form of β-carotene) and provide some vitamin E, folic acid, potassium and other trace elements. Among the most famous berries eating advantages is its lycopene content. Lycopene is an essential anti-oxidant which helps in the battle against cancerous cell formation in addition to other sorts of health complications and diseases. Diets that have tomato have been linked with reduced risk of obesity and some neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's disease.

Sun-dried tomatoes retain a whole lot of their antioxidants and vitamins. Sun-dried berries possess an intense sweet-tart flavor that is considerably more potent than fresh tomatoes, so a little goes a long way. They also have a chewier texture, so hydrating the typical ones prior to using them is important if you are not planning to cook them in any liquid, such as to get a salad.

Drying tomatoes is among the easiest known preservation procedures. The time necessary to dry tomatoes is based upon the tomato variety, the atmosphere humidity during the drying process, the depth of the tomato slices or bits, and the efficacy of the dehydrator or oven. Traditionally, drying was used as a way of preserving food items in developing nations. Drying essentially removes moisture from food and this inhibits the growth of fungi and bacteria. What's more, it slows down the enzyme activity without deactivating them. These factors ensure that food doesn't spoil easily and hence, makes drying a successful food preservation technique.

How do you make sun dry tomatoes, or for that matter anything else? Lay them out in the sun. It is really no different than how other dried fruits are created. Ripe tomatoes (sometimes treated with sulfur dioxide to begin with to help preserve quality and color ) are abandoned in the sun to dry for a couple of days, where they could lose around 93 percent of the weight in the procedure. You can also attain the same effects by drying out the tomatoes in a dehydrator or oven. Nice juicy tomatoes are typically the ones turned into sun-dried tomatoes, though you might have the ability to discover other varieties and colors. 

Sun Dried Tomatoes Nutrition:
Serving size: 100 g

Nutrients    Amount
Water    14.56 g
Energy    258 kcal
Protein    14.11 g
Total lipid (fat)    2.97 g
Carbohydrate, by difference    55.76 g
Fiber, total dietary    12.3 g
Sugars, total    37.59 g
Minerals    
Calcium, Ca    110 mg
Iron, Fe    9.09 mg
Magnesium, Mg    194 mg
Phosphorus, P    356 mg
Potassium, K    3427 mg
Sodium, Na    107 mg
Zinc, Zn    1.99 mg
Vitamins    
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid    39.2 mg
Thiamin    0.528 mg
Riboflavin    0.489 mg
Niacin    9.05 mg
Vitamin B-6    0.332 mg
Folate, DFE    68µg
Vitamin A, RAE    44 µg
Vitamin A, IU    874 IU
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)    0.01 mg
Vitamin K (phylloquinone)    43 µg
Lipids    
Fatty acids, total saturated    0.426 g
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated    0.487 g
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated    1.115 g

Source: USDA Nutrient Database No. 28
Health Benefits of Sun Dried Tomatoes:

Antioxidant:
One cup of Sun-dried tomatoes provides 23 % of the daily recommended value of Vitamin C and 16 % of Vitamin A. Vitamin C is a very important antioxidant compound that neutralizes free radicals present in the body. In addition, Vitamin A has many essential antioxidants like lycopene, lutein, and zeaxanthin. Lutein and zeaxanthin protect  eyes against macular degeneration and cataracts, while lycopene lowers risk of cancers especially prostate cancer. 

Heart Benefits:
Sun dried tomatoes are rich in calcium and magnesium, that help to keep the heart healthy. Calcium stimulates heart muscle contraction while magnesium helps relaxation of the heart muscles. Both of these minerals regulate blood pressure and coordinate regular contraction and relaxation of blood vessels in the heart.

Anemia:
100 g of Sun-dried tomatoes can provide approximately 9 mg of iron. Iron is an essential mineral in hemoglobin, that is an essential component of red blood cells and helps in carrying oxygen to cells. Moreover, Vitamin C present in the sun-dried tomatoes helps absorb iron in the blood.


References:
1. Owureku-Asare M, Ambrose RPK, Oduro I, Tortoe C, Saalia FK. Consumer knowledge, preference, and perceived quality of dried tomato products in Ghana. Food Sci Nutr. 2016;5(3):617–624. Published 2016 Nov 3. doi:10.1002/fsn3.439
2. Adegbola Dauda, Olufunmilola Abiodun, Tari Salami and Olaide Akintayo, Chemical and Microbiological Evaluation of Dried Tomato slices for Nigerian System, Global journal of Nutrition & food science, DOI: 10.33552/GJNFS.2019.01.000521