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North Indian Diet plan for High Uric acid levels and Gout

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How This Helps

Dietary Guidelines- The objective of planning a diet for a patient  with High Uric Acid is to meet his daily requirements while keeping low in purine rich foods. Uric acid is produced due to the breakdown of purines. In some people, the kidney does not efficiently excrete uric acid. Hence, this excess uric acid in the blood is deposited as crystal near the joints causing Gout.

How does food influence uric acid In Gout patients?
Trigger foods are generally high in purines, a chemical found naturally in foods. This isn’t a concern for healthy men and women, as they efficiently remove excess uric acid in the body. However, people with gout can not effectively remove excess uric acid. Therefore, a high-purine diet can let uric acid accumulate and cause a gout attack.
Fortunately, research shows that restricting high-purine foods can help lessen gout attacks. Foods that commonly trigger gout attacks include organ meats, red meats, fish, beer and alcohol. They have a moderate-to-high quantity of purines. However, research demonstrates that high-purine vegetables don’t trigger gout attacks. And interestingly, sugar based drinks can increase the risk of gout and gout attacks, although they’re not purine-rich.

Science and Research

An ideal plan for this High Uric Acid diet should have specifications as stated below: 
Cereals-   Most of the cereals is moderately rich in Purines and hence should be limited to one cereal per meal.
Proteins-  Meeting the protein requirements for these patients is a challenge, as most protein food are high in purines. Avoiding legumes, meat, poultry, fish and dairy is necessary. However, we can use proteins like egg white, low fat milk and its products and a few nuts to meet the daily target.
Fats-     20% of daily calories should come from fats. However avoid saturated fats from animal source.
Fruits-  Fruits rich in Vitamin C should be focused on. Other than that cherries and other berries are proven to reduce uric acid levels.
Vegetables-  Using plenty of vegetables is recommended. However avoid high purine vegetables like spinach, asparagus, cauliflower and mushroom.
Sugar-  The prevalence of diabetes and obesity is very high in patients who have high Uric acid levels. Hence, sugar intake should be as minimal as possible.
Salt-  When the serum uric acid levels are high it is better to use minimal salt as uric acid combines with sodium to form crystals. There is also a high chance of hypertension when uric acid levels are high.I would suggest sprinkling a little salt on the food after it’s cooked. 
By this method we can always keep a check on our salt intake.
Water- One should drink minimum 3 liter of water daily to flush out excess uric acid. 
Alcohol- Alcohol consumption increases uric acid in the blood and should be avoided completely.
This is sample uric acid diet with 1300kcal, ideal for a person with high uric acid levels and looking for weight maintenance.