What is Alopecia?
Alopecia areata is a common autoimmune disease that often leads to unpredictable hair loss. It affects roughly 6.8 million people in america.
In the vast majority of cases, hair falls out in small patches around the size of a coin. For many people, the hair loss is merely a few spots, though in some cases it can be more intense.
Sometimes, it may result in the complete loss of hair on the scalp (alopecia totalis) or, in extreme situations, the whole body (alopecia universalis).
The condition can affect anyone irrespective of age and sex, though most cases occur before age 30.
The most obvious symptom of alopecia areata is patchy baldness. Coin-sized patches of hair start to fall out, mainly in the scalp. Any website of hair growth could be affected, however, including the lashes and beard.
The loss of hair can be abrupt, developing in only a couple days or over a span of a couple of weeks. There may be burning or itching in the region before hair loss. The hair follicles aren’t ruined and so hair can re-grow whether the inflammation of the follicles subsides. Individuals who experience just a couple patches of hair loss frequently have a spontaneous, complete recovery with no kind of treatment.
About 30 percent of those who develop alopecia areata discover that their condition either becomes more extensive or becomes a constant cycle of hair loss and regrowth.
Approximately half of individuals recover from alopecia areata within 1 year, but many will experience more than 1 episode. Approximately 10 percent of people may go on to develop alopecia totalis or alopecia universalis.
Alopecia areata may also affect the fingernails and toenails, and sometimes these changes are the first indication that the problem is developing. There are a number of little changes that can happen to nails:
Alopecia affects both women and men equally.
pinpoint dents appear
White lines and spots appear
nails become rough
nails lose their shine
Nails become thin and divide
Additional clinical signs include:
Exclamation mark hairs: This happens when few short hairs that get thinner in their bottom and grow in or around the borders of bald spots.
Cadaver hairs: This is where hairs break before reaching the skin surface.
White hair: This can grow in areas affected by hair loss.
Some facts about Alopecia
One in five people with alopecia areata also includes a relative who has experienced the illness.
Alopecia areata often develops suddenly, over the span of just a couple days.
There’s little scientific proof that alopecia areata is brought on by stress.
People with alopecia areata who have just a few patches of baldness often experience a spontaneous, complete healing, with no need for treatment.
There’s absolutely no cure for alopecia areata except constitutional homoeopathic treatment.
Homeopathic treatment for alopecia
The condition occurs when white blood cells attack the cells in hair follicles, causing them to shrink and slow down hair production. It’s unknown exactly what causes the body’s immune system to target hair follicles this way.
While scientists are unsure why these changes happen, it appears that genetics are called alopecia areata is more likely to happen in someone that has a close relative with the disease. One in five people with the disorder has a relative who has also developed alopecia areata.
Other research has found that lots of individuals with a family history of alopecia areata have a personal or family history of other autoimmune disorders, such as atopy, a disease characterized by a propensity to be hyperallergic, thyroiditis, and vitiligo.
Despite what many people believe, there’s very little scientific evidence to support the opinion that alopecia areata is brought on by stress. Extreme cases of stress could potentially trigger the illness, but latest research points toward a genetic origin.
There are a few forms of treatment which could be suggested by physicians to assist hair re-grow faster.
The most common form of alopecia areata treatment is the use of corticosteroids, powerful anti-inflammatory drugs that may suppress the immune system. These are mostly commonly administered through local injections, topical ointment program, or orally.
Other medications which may be prescribed that promote hair growth or influence the immune system include Minoxidil, Anthralin, SADBE, and DPCP. Even though some of these may assist with the re-growth of hair, they can’t prevent the formation of fresh bald patches.
Using photochemotherapy is supported by some studies and poses a possible option for patients unable or unwilling to use invasive or systemic therapies.
Besides its aesthetic component, hair affords a level of protection from the elements. People with alopecia areata who overlook the protective qualities of baldness might wish to:
Wear sunscreen if exposed to sunlight.
Wear wraparound glasses to protect the eyes from sunlight and debris that the lashes and eyebrows would normally defend against.
Use head wear like hats, wigs, and scarves to protect the head from sunlight or keep it warm.
Use ointment in the nose to maintain membranes moist and also to protect against organisms which are typically trapped by nostril hair.
Alopecia areata doesn’t directly make people ill, nor is it contagious. It can, however, be tricky to adapt to emotionally. For a lot of individuals, alopecia areata is a traumatic disease that warrants treatment addressing the psychological element of hair loss, in addition to the hair loss itself.
Support groups and counseling are available for individuals to share their ideas and feelings, and to talk about common emotional reactions to the illness.
Alopecia areata has been compared by some to vitiligo, an autoimmune skin disorder in which the body attacks melanin-producing cells, resulting in white patches. Research suggests that both of these conditions may share a similar pathogenesis, with similar kinds of immune cells and cytokines forcing the ailments and common genetic risk factors.
Therefore, any new developments in the prevention or treatment of disease may have consequences for another.
There have been a handful of documented cases where treatment for alopecia areata using diphencyprone (DCP), a contact sensitizer, has resulted in the development of vitiligo.
Preliminary research in animals has found that quercetin, a naturally occurring bioflavonoid found in fruits and vegetables, can protect against the development of alopecia areata and effectively treat current hair loss.
Further research is necessary, such as human clinical trials, before quercetin can be thought of as a cure for alopecia areata.
Home remedies for alopecia
As traditional treatments for alopecia are really limited, studies that encourage natural remedies for alopecia are much thinner on the ground.
There are some people who recommend rubbing garlic or onion juice, chilled green tea, almond oil, rosemary oil, honey, or coconut milk to the scalp. While none of them are very likely to cause injury, their efficacy is also not supported by research.
Doctors are usually able to diagnose alopecia areata rather easily by analyzing symptoms. They may look at the level of baldness and analyze hairs from affected regions under a microscope.
If, after an initial clinical evaluation, the physician is unable to earn a diagnosis, they could do a skin biopsy. If they should rule out other autoimmune diseases, they may conduct a blood test.
As the symptoms of alopecia areata are so distinctive, making a diagnosis is generally quick and straightforward.
Homeopathic medicines for alopecia
Homeopathy Treatment Note: Do not take any of the following mentioned medicines without consulting a qualified homoeopathic practitioner. The following is for informational purpose only.
Itching of the mind and falling off of the hair; the new hair is dry and breaks off. Huge patches entirely denuded of hair; fresh hair dry and breaks off; should comb the hair frequently, it mats so at the end; hair loss.
The hair comes out in lumps, leaving bare patches; lashes also fall out; regular frontal headache.
Substantial accumulation of branlike scales, with falling from the hair, which includes a deadened and lustreless look, with terrific itching of the scalp.
Losing hair from nervous headaches.
Touching the hair is painful; bald patches at or close to the forehead; scalp coated with dry scabs and scales, looking rough and dirty, extending sometimes even to forehead, ears and face.
Baldness, particularly of the crown, in young people; scalp quite sensitive to touch,
Baldness not just hereditary and age-related but may be the first indication of health disorder like nausea, hypothyroidism, diabetes, polycystic ovaries, anxiety and other. Trichology, the technical science of hair, used in conjunction with Homoeopathy, is the best suited to diagnose the sort of baldness, it cause and remedy. This paper addresses the homeopathic treatment of baldness.