Millions of people are diagnosed with diabetes, a disease in which the bodyâ€™s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired, explains Vaidya Ish Sharma (MD, Ayurveda). There are two main forms of diabetes: diabetes mellitus type 1 and diabetes mellitus type 2. In Type 1, the immune system begins attacking the pancreas. This auto-immune reaction leads to cellular destruction. The damage to Î²-cells of the pancreas begins to inhibit insulin production. Over time, the productive capacity of the pancreas dips to levels where it cannot make adequate insulin to control blood sugar.