A research study was performed and was published in Acta Pharmacologica Sinica in 2009,indicating that Astragalus health benefits include help in decrease of adverse effects of high blood sugar levels. When sugar or glucose is in excess, it binds everywhere in the body,including the cells and various molecules of the body. This forms AGEs, which stands for advanced glycation end products. AGEs cause oxidation, inflammation of the tissues, and accelerates the aging process.
The study, which was done on animals over a period of 8 weeks, showed that polysaccharide extracts from the Astragalus plant decreased the toxicity caused by high glucose levels. This plant was able to do this by activating a vital enzyme that maintains adequate energy levels within the cells. The enzyme is referred to as AMPK or AMPactivated protein kinase. It affects the breakdown of fat and fat storage, as well as controlling the amount of insulin secreted by the pancreas. The conclusion of the study was that Astragalus might be an aid for those suffering from type 2 diabetes.