What is psoriasis?
Living with psoriasis can impact your life leading to detrimental effects. Are you suffering from such a situation and thinking to undergo natural treatment for your condition aiming for the least side effects? Then you can consider Ayurveda treatment. I would like to share my client experience on getting Ayurveda treatment for psoriasis skin disease and how happy she felt to find her skin clean and neat.
According to WHO psoriasis does not know any age and can affect anyone at any stage. However, many researchers have revealed that the average age of onset for psoriasis was 33 years. Studies indicate that psoriasis is more common in men when compared to women. The incidence of psoriasis is quite a few and most people do not entertain visiting a nearby hospital for psoriasis treatment. The prevalence of psoriasis is considerably higher in people residing in western countries and low in Asian countries like Japan, Australia, and India.
Beautiful skin can make you look beautiful, confident, and young. On the other hand, any skin disease can affect a person’s life negatively by impacting them both psychologically and socially. One of my clients who was suffering from guttate psoriasis also called scalp psoriasis is very satisfied with the ayurvedic treatment and I would like to share her experience.
Psoriasis is an obstinate skin condition in which red patches of various sizes develop on the skin that is covered with dry, silvery scales. Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease that got its name from the Greek word meaning, ‘itch’. In psoriasis the skin becomes inflamed and red eruptions appear on the surface of the skin that begins to itch excessively. These areas form thickened areas (plaques) that are covered with silvery scales over the reddened lesions. The skin at the joints may crack.
Psoriasis most often occurs on the elbows, knees, scalp, lower back, palms, and soles of the feet. However, no area of the skin is exempt, including the genital area. The disease may also affect the fingernails and toenails, and the soft tissues inside the mouth. About 15 percent of people with psoriasis have joint inflammation that produces arthritis symptoms. This condition is called psoriatic arthritis.
See: Home remedies for dry itchy skin
The course of psoriasis is characterized by remissions and relapse. In some instances the patches disappear, just to appear after some period of time. There are various factors ranging from climate, stress, infections, and injuries that can trigger a flare-up of disease within a short span of time even within a few days. On the other hand, there are certainly other factors such as sunlight that significantly reduces the intensity of the problem.
Impact on health:
In some cases, psoriasis is so mild that it may go unnoticed. At the opposite extreme, there are victims having psoriatic patches almost everywhere on the body. People with psoriasis may suffer discomfort, including pain and itching, restricted motion in their joints, and emotional distress. The unpleasant appearance of the patches, the chronic itching, and flaking of psoriasis although it is not life-threatening, has a definite impact on the self-esteem and lifestyle of the psoriasis victim. Substantial time and money are spent trying to keep it under control.
Learn more about Acupuncture treatment for Psoriasis
Cause of Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a papulosquamous disorder of the skin which is characterized as scaly papules and plaques formed on the skin causing itching and irritation. Psoriasis is a skin disease where a person suffering from the disease can observe scaly patches on their skin, which are inflamed and red in color. There are various types of psoriasis that usually are categorized on the basis of different morphology and location. The types of psoriasis include Plaque psoriasis, Guttate Psoriasis, Flexural (inverse) psoriasis, Erythroderma, generalized pustular psoriasis, Palmoplantar pustulosis, and Psoriatic nail disease.
Why does it happen? Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune condition that stems due to the rapid buildup of skin cells on the surface of the skin. Psoriasis can be triggered due to the number of reasons, which may include significant comorbidities that include arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, metabolic syndrome, depression, stress, and cardiovascular diseases.
The exact cause of psoriasis is not fully understood. The processes involved in the development of psoriasis as largely understood. Although cold climate and some form of injury can aggravate the problem they cannot be labeled as the cause of disease. The precise cause of psoriasis continues to elude medical fraternity. However, ongoing research in this field has improved our understanding of this disease to some extent. The recent discoveries point to an abnormality in the functioning of key white cells in the bloodstream triggering inflammation in the skin. Because of the inflammation, the skin sheds too rapidly, every three to four days.
1. Defective immune system: Recent research indicates that psoriasis is likely to be a disorder of the immune system. This system includes a type of white blood cell, called a T cell, that normally helps protect the body against infection and disease. Scientists now think that, in psoriasis, an abnormal immune system causes activity by T cells in the skin. These T cells trigger the inflammation and excessive skin cell reproduction seen in people with psoriasis.
2. Genetics and heredity: In about one-third of the cases, psoriasis is inherited. Often, the person with psoriasis has a parent or grandparent who also has the condition. In terms of probability, it has been estimated that a person with one affected parent has about a 10% chance of also being affected. Having two parents with psoriasis increases the chances of about 30%.
3. External factors:
People with psoriasis may notice that there are times when their skin worsens, then improves. Conditions that may cause relapses of flare-ups to include:
– Climate: Studies indicate that cold weather may be a predisposing effect or trigger for psoriasis, in contradistinction to a hot and sunny climate that appears to be beneficial.
– Infections: Both dermatological and systemic infections have been known to trigger the onset of psoriasis or a worsening of psoriasis. Systemic infections that have been associated with triggering include viral upper respiratory disease, streptococcal pharyngitis (strep throat), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Staphylococcal skin infections (boils) have been a trigger.
– Stress: Psychological stress is the cause as well as the outcome of disease like psoriasis. It is a well-known fact that there is an inseparable bond between mind and body and psyche plays a vital role in maintaining health or causing diseases.
– Certain medicines: Certain medicines, most notably beta-blockers, which are used to treat high blood pressure, and lithium or drugs used to treat depression, may trigger an outbreak or worsen the disease. The drugs may be listed as lithium, antimalarials, mepacrine, NSAIDs, beta-blockers, alcohol.
– Physical trauma: People often notice new spots 10 to 14 days after the skin is cut, scratched, rubbed, or severely sunburned. Analysis of patient records has indicated that up to 50 percent of persons with psoriasis have had a ‘Koebner’s phenomenon’ experience – that is, have had a psoriatic lesion develop at the site of an injury or skin condition.
Although psoriasis may be almost unnoticeable in its early stages, patients often report itching and/or burning sensation as the disease progresses.
This photo on the left shows itching (skin after itching) and bleeding spots thereafter, on psoriasis lesions. In this photo, the patient has scratched it profoundly to the extent that there are bleeding spots.
There are many variants and types of psoriasis. But usually, the course follows like this: It starts with red small bumps on the skin that progress to bigger scaly patches. The condition is associated with a lot of itching. As the scales accumulate, pink to deep red plaques with a white crust of silvery scales appear on the skin surface.
How can you prevent Psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a skin disease that is generally considered to be incurable. However, some ayurvedic remedies can help control the disease and can provide symptomatic relief to the patient. Ayurveda offers an herbal remedy that aims to purify your blood by practicing detoxification methods, a healthy diet, and meditation.
What are the common symptoms?
A psoriatic patient can observe symptoms like dry and inflamed skin often marked with red rashes, Itchy and painful skin, discoloration, and crumbliness of fingernails and toenails.
What are the various types of Psoriasis?
The types of psoriasis can be defined based on highly variable in morphology, distribution, and severity.
– Plaque psoriasis – It is the most common form of psoriasis that affects the majority of the population. It can be characterized by the dry scaly scalp, with marked red patches on the skin that cause itching. The patches may appear round-oval in shape and extend peripherally to form plaques of one to several centimeters.
– Guttate psoriasis– This type of Psoriasis majorly affects children, and the patches appear droplet like ranging from 2-10 mm in diameter. Guttate psoriasis can be seen affecting head and limbs.
– Flexural (inverse) psoriasis – This type of Psoriasis is seen affecting the flexures or body folds which most prominently include your, inframammary (boundary below the breast), perineal (skin below the pelvic diaphragm and between the legs) and axillary (armpit). They appear shiny and red with no scales on the skin.
– Erythroderma – It is a very uncommon type of Psoriasis and is distinguished by reddening of the skin preceded with exfoliation. This is the most extensive form of chronic plaque psoriasis or unstable psoriasis that is precipitated by tar, infection, drugs, or withdrawal of corticosteroids.
– Generalized pustular psoriasis– This is a rare form of psoriasis and looks like sheets of red, painful, inflamed skin. It’s a severe form of psoriasis and a patient needs to be admitted to the hospital.
– Palmoplantar pustulosis– This is known to affect people over 40 years of age and is characterized by yellow pustules that become tender and brown. The most commonly affected areas include palms and soles.
– Psoriatic nail disease– As the name suggests, it is found to affect the small pits present in the nails. The nails appear orange to yellow in color resulting in defective nail formation.
What is inverse psoriasis?
Inverse psoriasis is also known as intertriginous psoriasis is a rare form of psoriasis that commonly affects skin fold. Inverse psoriasis is found to affect around 2% and 7% of the patients suffering from psoriasis. It is a part of genital psoriasis and is most commonly seen affecting perianal skin, abdominal, intergluteal cleft, retro-auricular folds under the armpits, and inframammary folds.
What are the Inverse psoriasis symptoms?
Inverse Psoriasis symptoms include reddish, scaly silvery patches that are inflamed, and cause itching. The symptoms are chronic and associated with periods of more severe skin problems. Inverse psoriasis symptoms can affect a person’s quality of life since the treatment takes a longer duration to heal the skin.