What is gestational diabetes?
Pregnant women who have high blood sugar levels during pregnancy, but have previously never had diabetes before are said to have gestational diabetes. Approximately 5% of all pregnant women in the USA are diagnosed with the illness. If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are pregnant, or if you're diagnosed with gestational diabetes, your doctor can direct you to the best wellness programs for you. Wellness programs and plans can offer one-to-one counseling and ongoing support to women who develop diabetes while pregnant or have diabetes before becoming pregnant. These programs provide you with the information and resources you want to manage blood glucose (blood sugar) levels to safeguard you and your baby during pregnancy. It typically appears in the second half of pregnancy and goes away once the baby is born. But if gestational diabetes isn't treated, you might experience complications.
An integrative approach combines the benefits of traditional therapies such as Ayurveda, Acupuncture, diet, meditation, massage, and Western medicine.
Causes of Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes is the result of elevated levels of hormones during pregnancy that interfere with the ability to handle glucose. As the pregnancy continues, more hormones are produced, and insulin resistance increases. Typically, a woman's pancreas can produce more insulin to overcome insulin resistance. But for some, the pancreas can't produce sufficient insulin to overcome the impact of the increased hormones during pregnancy. In such women, sugar levels rise, and they'll develop gestational diabetes.
Risk factors for Gestational Diabetes
Many factors can increase your chances of developing diabetes during pregnancy:
- Family history of diabetes
- Being in excess of 20 percent over your ideal body weight before getting pregnant
- Being older than 25
- Being diagnosed with pre-diabetes
- Formerly have given birth to a baby over 9 pounds
- Having gestational diabetes with a prior pregnancy
Diagnosing Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes is most commonly diagnosed in the second trimester when insulin resistance usually starts. If you are at a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes, your doctor may test you for the illness during the first trimester. An oral glucose tolerance test may be used to screen for gestational diabetes.
Dietary Recommendations for Gestational Diabetes
Dietary recommendations can be personalized for you that can help you maintain safe blood glucose levels. It's essential to be meet with a registered dietitian to have your diet evaluated. The dietitian will calculate the number of carbohydrates that you need at meals and snacks. The first step in managing gestational diabetes would be to alter your diet to help keep your blood glucose level in the healthy range while eating a wholesome diet. Most women with controlled blood glucose deliver healthy babies.
One way of keeping your blood glucose levels in a healthy range is by tracking the number of carbohydrates in your diet. After digestion, carbohydrates foods become blood sugar. Blood glucose is essential because it's the fuel for your body and nutrition your baby receives from you. But, sugar levels must remain within healthy levels. Some general recommendations include the following.
- Carbohydrates in Food: Carbohydrates are found in the following foods:
- Milk and yogurt
- Fruits and juices
- Potatoes, corn, yams, peas and winter squash
- Dried beans, split peas, and lentils
- Sweets and desserts
- Rice, grains, cereals, and pasta
- Bread, tortillas, crackers, bagels, and rolls
- Distribute your meals involving three meals and two or three snacks daily: Eating in excess at one time may cause your blood sugar levels to rise too much. It's crucial that you not skip meals. You have nutritional requirements for yourself and your baby.
- Drink one cup of milk: Milk is healthy and a good source of calcium. Its excess intake can increase your blood sugar.
- Restrict fruit portions: The fruit is a healthy food, but high in natural sugars. You may eat one to three servings daily, but keep portions in check. A part of the fruit is a tiny fruit, half a large piece of fruit, or about one-half cup of mixed fruit. Do not eat canned fruit in syrup.
- Avoid fruit juice: It requires several fruits to produce a glass of juice. The juice is a concentrated source of carbohydrates. Because it's liquid, the juice may raise blood sugar quickly.
- Eat small portions of starch: Starchy foods eventually turn into sugar, so it's essential to be portion conscious. Starch needs to be included in each meal. A fair portion is about two pieces of bread.
- Breakfast is important: Blood sugar can be tricky to control in the daytime as normal fluctuations in hormone levels are occurring. Processed cereals, milk, and fruits might not be well tolerated in your morning meal. If your post-breakfast blood glucose level increases too much following these foods, you should not eat them in your breakfast. A breakfast that contains protein plus starch is usually tolerated the better.
- Strictly limit desserts and sweets: Candies, cakes, cookies, and pastries tend to have excessive amounts of carbohydrates. These foods contain considerable amounts of fat and are low in nutrition. Avoid all regular sodas and sweetened drinks. Stay away from added sugars, and do not add sugar or honey to your meals. When a product says it is "sugar-free," have a closer look. Products containing sugar-alcohols are often labeled "sugar-free." However, they may still contain substantial quantities of total carbohydrates. Examine the food label to find the grams of total carbohydrate included. Sugar alcohols can have a laxative effect or cause bloating and gas. Some products labeled "sugar-free" are carbohydrate-free and won't affect your blood glucose, such as diet sodas.
- Keep food records: Make sure to record all the foods and how much you eat every day to track your carbohydrate intake. Use measuring cups for precision when possible.
Managing Gestational Diabetes
Qualified practitioners can provide a special program for women diagnosed with diabetes during pregnancy. The Gestational Diabetes Education Program provides advice, advice, and support to help women successfully manage the condition and minimize potential complications.
Gestational diabetes wellness programs offer:
- Personalized Guidance for making healthful food choices that meet the needs of a pregnant woman with diabetes, encouraging the development of her baby
- A comprehensive overview of how gestational diabetes affects a mom and her baby
- Education on self-monitoring blood sugar
What could be done to decrease the possibility of getting Type 2 diabetes?
Although gestational diabetes goes away after pregnancy, about half of women who have gestational diabetes get type 2 diabetes later in life. Research has shown that the following lifestyle changes may prevent, or delay type 2 diabetes among individuals at risk of diabetes:
- Losing 5%-7% of body weight, if overweight or obese.
- Being physically active for 150 minutes weekly.
- Eating fewer high fat/calorie foods.
Gestational diabetes wellness plans should operate under the advice of a physician specializing in high-risk pregnancy care (maternal-fetal specialist) or endocrinology and unites the expert care of certified diabetes educators. Through these programs, you'll learn:
- The best way to eat and exercise to keep the best health possible for you and your baby.
- Just how and when to check your blood sugar.
- The target numbers to your blood sugar.
- The best way to take action to stop diabetes-related complications.
In the ancient texts of Ayurveda, "Diabetes" is known as "Madhumeha Kshaudrameha" or "excessive urination with honey such as sweet taste." Even though there is not any particular description or mention of gestational at the Ayurvedic texts, there is a term called "Garbha Vriddhi" which means a complication arising from this disorder. This is the reason why Ayurvedic medicines for diabetes can help aid in better management of gestational diabetes. Many simple actions can help you get rid of gestational diabetes. Ayurveda for gestational diabetes can help with better weight management, especially when paired with yoga, meditation, and exercise. Weight gain is an obvious issue when it comes to pregnancy. Be sure you get in contact with your health professionals who are well trained to assist pregnant women for a healthy pregnancy weight. Regular exercise periods of 30 minutes practiced at least two times every day will help. It elevates the heart rate, stimulates metabolism, & protects against the growth of juvenile diabetes or diabetes mellitus in the future.
Acupuncture can help to lower blood glucose. It can also manage to control the frequency of urination, excessive hunger and thirst, improve circulation, and restore the proper flow of energy. Traditional Chinese Medicine herbs help to keep glucose levels, in addition to treating symptoms like peripheral neuropathy (nerve damage) and blurry vision.
Specialized massage also helps to improve blood and energy flow and helps to relieve stress. Both Eastern and Western treatments for gestational diabetes concentrate on keeping your glucose levels in check through appropriate diet and exercise. A healthy eating plan includes:
• Regular little to medium-size snacks and meals throughout the day
• Controlled amounts of protein and fat
• Fruits, vegetables, and grains (complex carbohydrates)
• Consistency in your diet
Walking and light exercise, while always beneficial in pregnancy, is much more significant if you have gestational diabetes. In some cases, treatment for gestational diabetes might also have daily or insulin glucose testing prescribed by your physician.