How to have a miscarriage

How to end an unwanted pregnancy

If you're researching how to cause a miscarriage due to an unwanted pregnancy, then don't risk your health by trying unsafe techniques of finishing your pregnancy. In very tough circumstances, it may be tempting to want to take things into your own hands. Research your options for tackling an unplanned pregnancy and find somebody who can help you manage the situation safely. There are many resources out there. Look for local women's clinics or a nearby Planned Parenthood center. Procedures performed by those other than a licensed medical practitioner may also jeopardize your future reproductive health.

There are no safe and reliable means to induce a miscarriage without the involvement of a physician.

See: Garbh Sanskar Therapy To Manage Anxiety During Pregnancy

What is a miscarriage?

What is a miscarriage?

If you want to have a natural miscarriage, it is important first to understand what it is. A miscarriage or a spontaneous abortion happens when you lose the baby within the first 20 weeks of your pregnancy. There are chances of having a miscarriage with all pregnancies, and it has been observed that nearly 80 percent such natural miscarriages happen before the first trimester or 12 weeks of pregnancy.1,2

Miscarriage is a heavy term, indicating that something was amiss in the carrying of the pregnancy. This is rarely correct. Most miscarriages occur because of abnormal fetus development. Miscarriage is a relatively common experience - but that does not make it any easier. Have a step closer to emotional healing by knowing what can cause a miscarriage, what raises the risk, and what medical care may be needed.

Many women may have a miscarriage in their pregnancy without even realizing it. They might just think they are having a heavy period. If it happens to you, you may have cramping, heavier bleeding than normal, pain in the stomach, pelvis or spine, and feel helpless. In case you've started spotting, bear in mind that this is normal in several pregnancies - but speak with your doctor to be sure.

With a natural miscarriage, it means you miscarry the contents of your uterus without medical interventions such as surgery or medication. In many cases, scenarios, it's an alternative.

Later in your pregnancy, you may notice signs like cramping pain, bleeding, or departure fluid and blood clots in the vagina. Based on how many weeks pregnant you're, you might pass tissue which looks more like a fetus, or a fully formed baby.

In some kinds of miscarriage, you may have no symptoms at all - that the miscarriage may not be detected until your next ultrasound. Or you could just notice your morning sickness and breast tenderness have gone. It's common to feel very emotional and angry once you realize you are having a miscarriage. It can take some time to process what's happening. Ensure you've got someone with you and try to be kind to yourself.


See: DIY Bleach Pregnancy Test Accuracy & Risks

Miscarriage signs & symptoms

Symptoms

Most miscarriages occur prior to the 12th week of pregnancy. Signs of a miscarriage may include:

- Vaginal bleeding or spotting

- Pain and/or cramping in your abdomen or lower back

- Fluid or tissue departure from your vagina

- In case you have passed fetal tissue out of your vagina, put it into a clean container and deliver it to your healthcare provider's office or the hospital for analysis.

Bear in mind that many women who experience vaginal spotting or bleeding in the first trimester go on to have successful pregnancies.

See: What To Do After Positive Pregnancy Test

Miscarriage causes

- Abnormal genes or chromosomes

Most miscarriages occur due to abnormal fetus development. Approximately 50 percent of miscarriages are associated with missing or extra chromosomes. Most frequently, chromosome problems result from mistakes that occur by chance since the embryo divides and develops -- not problems inherited from the parents.

Chromosomal abnormalities might cause:

- Blighted ovum. Blighted ovum takes place when no embryo forms.

- Intrauterine fetal demise. In this circumstance, an embryo forms but stops growing and expire before any signs of pregnancy loss happen.

- Maternal health conditions

In a few instances, a mother's health condition might cause miscarriage. Examples include:

- Uncontrolled diabetes

- Diseases

- Hormonal problems

- Uterus or cervix problems

- celiac disease

What does not cause miscarriage? Routine activities like these do not provoke a miscarriage:

- Exercise, such as high-intensity activities like jogging and cycling.

- Sex.

- Working, given you are not exposed to harmful radiation or chemicals. Talk to your doctor if you're worried about work-related risks.


Nothing can be done, unfortunately, to prevent a miscarriage once it's started. The treatment is to stop heavy bleeding or disease. Your physician might advise you that no therapy is essential. This is known as expectant management', and you just wait to see what is going to happen. At some point, the pregnancy tissue (the fetus/baby, pregnancy sac, and placenta) will pass naturally. This may take a few days or as long as 3 to 4 weeks. It can be quite hard emotionally to await the miscarriage since you don't know when it will occur. If it begins, you may notice spotting and cramping, and then, fairly quickly, you're going to begin bleeding heavily. The cramps will get worse until they feel like contractions, and you'll pass out the pregnancy tissue.


See: Acupuncture for Nausea & Vomiting Treatment

Prevention & risk factors

Prevention: Frequently, there is nothing you can do to prevent a miscarriage. Just take good care of yourself and your baby:

- Seek regular prenatal care.

- Prevent known miscarriage risk factors -- such as smoking, drinking alcohol, and illegal drug use.

- Take a daily multivitamin.

- Limit your caffeine intake. 


Risk factors: Many factors increase the risk of miscarriage, for example:

- Age. Women 35 years and older have a higher risk of miscarriage than younger women. The risk rises with age.

- Chronic Problems. Women with a chronic condition, such as diabetes, have a greater chance of miscarriage.

- Uterine or cervical Issues. Certain uterine abnormalities or feeble cervical cells (incompetent cervix) might increase the risk of miscarriage.

- Past miscarriages. Women with two or more consecutive miscarriages are at greater risk of miscarriage.

- Smoking, alcohol, and illegal drugs. Women smokers have a higher chance of miscarriage than do nonsmokers. Heavy alcohol use and illegal drug use also increase the risk of miscarriage.

- Weight. Being obese has been linked with a higher risk of miscarriage.

See: Ayurveda for Nausea in Pregnancy

What are your options if you are miscarrying?

Your physician may have given you the option to allow your miscarriage progress naturally -- what's called "expectant management." What does this mean exactly? It's your body. If you are not at risk, it's safe to wait and allow your body to progress naturally with medical advice. Ask your doctor what's best for you. Some women go for a natural miscarriage as there is no need for intervention. Others can choose a natural miscarriage as they do not want medication side effects or the fear of a surgical procedure.

See: Pregnancy Diet & Nutrition

Managing grief after miscarriage

How to monitor the natural process

The process can take some time. If you feel something isn't quite right, it's a good idea to be checked to rule out infection or other complications. So far as speeding the miscarriage process along, there isn't much research on anything that is safe and proven. Try to care for yourself as much as possible. This means:

- eating well (whole foods, fruits, and vegetables, low-sugar snacks)

- staying hydrated

- getting light exercise


Your emotions after miscarriage: Every time a pregnancy loss occurs, you are most likely to encounter many feelings and reactions. Although you can not wish them away, knowing them will finally help you come to terms with your loss. Lots of men and women who have a loss of any kind go through quite a few steps in their road to psychological healing. These measures are common, although the order in which the first three occur may vary and so, too, may the feelings you experience. The grief you are feeling is real, and however early in pregnancy you experienced the loss of a baby, you might feel that loss deeply.


See: Anxiety & stress in pregnancy natural remedies

Natural remedies for healing after natural miscarriage

Miscarriage recovery can take some time and can not be rushed. However, you can find foods to eat, safe treatments to take, and strategies to help your mind, body, and soul heal after miscarriage.

- Physical Recovery: You need time and space to heal after miscarriage physically. The cramping and contractions can take days. The blood loss may be significant. You may feel nauseous, have headaches, or fight to sleep until the entire process is over. Miscarriage hurts the heart, and it's also hard on the body. Consult with your health care team, and do not be afraid to ask for help.

- Dietary recovery: Your body needs nourishing foods to rebuild. Consult your dietitian for your specific requirements. Whole foods, protein-rich meals, and snacks can help. Meats, fish, and poultry are good protein choices.

Veggies and fruits, leafy greens, like broccoli, kale, fruits, and dark orange vegetables, can provide essential nutrients. Bone broth is a superb place to turn if you will need to rebuild.  Get some healthy fat with your meals to help your body gain strength and absorb all of your food's nutrients. Stay away from empty carbs and stick with whole-grain choices like brown rice, whole wheat, and oats.  The main objective of your nourishment after miscarriage is nutrient-dense, natural, and unprocessed foods.

- Stay Hydrated: Your body requires essential hydration and a great deal of fluid to recoup from a miscarriage's blood loss. You can sip plain water throughout the day, or you may try a few other options if plain water is too dull. The warm broth gives nourishment and hydration. Milk may also supply good nourishment. Infuse your water with vegetable or fruit pieces. Lemon, cucumber, or strawberry pieces are a great place to start.

Herbal tea can provide relief for anxiety and digestion. Fermented beverages like kombucha and water kefir give your body a boost of probiotics.

- Herbs and Dietary Supplements: Herbs can be a good natural home remedy after miscarriage. They cannot replace relaxation and time, but they can help you heal. Chamomile (Matricaria recutita), Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis), and rose petals (Rosa ssp.) are relaxing nervine tonics that can calm anxiety and soothe your nerves. Red raspberry leaf (Rubus idaeus) is commonly used during pregnancy because it tones and strengthens the uterus. These exact actions can be useful after a miscarriage. It is possible to take herbs as an extract (or herbal tea) or an infusion (such as a tincture). Consult with an herbalist or integrative health care professional.

- Emotional Recovery: Just like you can not force your body to heal faster after a miscarriage, you can not rush your heart's fixing. Journaling offers you a chance to publicly process your raw ideas and feelings without worrying about how they sound to others.

- Essential Oils: Many essential oils are emotionally calming, and a few are especially suited for tension and anxiety. If there's a scent you like, diffusing it can bring relief and encourage calm.

- Yoga & meditation: Yoga is known to heal the mind during stressful times. 

Consult your doctor, counselor, priest, or other healing specialists for more in-depth assistance.

See: Pregnancy yoga poses & classes

References

1. Maconochie, N., Doyle, P., Prior, S. and Simmons, R., 2007. Risk factors for first-trimester miscarriage—results from a UK‐population‐based case-control study. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 114(2), pp.170-186.

2. Kouk, L.J., Neo, G.H., Malhotra, R., Allen, J.C., Beh, S.T., Tan, T.C., and Ostbye, T., 2013. A prospective study of risk factors for first-trimester miscarriage in Asian women with threatened miscarriage. Singapore Med J, 54(8), pp.425-31.

3. Naidu, K.A., 2003. Vitamin C in human health and disease is still a mystery? An overview. Nutrition Journal, 2(1), p.7.

4. Jenkins, C., Wilson, R., Roberts, J., Miller, H., McKillop, J.H., and Walker, J.J., 2000. Antioxidants: their role in pregnancy and miscarriage. Antioxidants and Redox Signaling, 2(3), pp.623-628.

5. Urivetzky, M., Kessaris, D., and Smith, A.D., 1992. Ascorbic acid overdosing: a risk factor for calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis. The Journal of Urology, 147(5), pp.1215-1218.

6. Ernst, E., 2002. Herbal medicinal products during pregnancy: are they safe?. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 109(3), pp.227-235.

7. Ajmera, P., Kalani, S., and Sharma, L., 2019. Parsley-benefits & side effects on health.

8. Pinn, G., 2001. Herbs used in obstetrics and gynecology. Australian family physician, 30(4), p.351.

9. Hardy, M.L., 2000. Herbs of special interest to women. Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association (1996), 40(2), pp.234-242. 

10. Upton, R., 2010. Dong Quai. Encyclopedia of dietary supplements, 2nd edn. Informa Healthcare, New York, pp.208-216. 

See: Yoga for Pregnancy Nurturing Program

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