How This Helps

Decreased Vitamin D can lead to an increase in the risk of osteoporosis, muscle weakness, falls, fractures, and weak immune systems (Kolbe, 2014). In the case of food like hard-boiled eggs, the egg yolk contains phosphorus and is also rich in Vitamin D. In addition, Vitamin D can be beneficial for boosting your immune system as well. However, some kidney patients are advised not to eat egg yolk and only eat egg white for protein intake.



Science and Research

People with CKD suffer from excessive Vitamin D deficiency. Research has proven that supplementing Vitamin D in CKD patients can help reduce the rate of mortality and morbidity significantly. Vitamin D can be ingested via food such as hard-boiled egg, milk, and skin synthesis. CKD patients should consult a medical expert to tailor their diet plans according to their kidney condition. Patients with CKD stage 3 are generally advised to stay away from egg yolk because of high phosphorous content. Consult with a dietitian to help you plan your diet, protein intake, and foods to avoid.

Hard boiled eggs for renal disease

If you're searching for a fast protein source for a meal or snack, then cook an egg or egg-white recipe. Eggs are an excellent source of cheap, high-quality protein that may be eaten at any meal of the day. From hard-boiled and deviled eggs to smoothies and omelets, you can extend eggs' viability for breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Egg whites are 100 percent protein and are low in phosphorus and cholesterol. Egg yolks have high phosphorus levels and cholesterol, so if these are a concern, do not eat the yolk.

What is the role of eggs as food for patients, particularly those with renal disease?

A large egg contains about 6 grams of protein, 40% being from the yolk. The protein content in an egg is complete with all the essential amino acids required by the body.

Eggs are one of the best foods recommended to raise serum albumin, one of the vital nutrition status markers. Patients with renal disease often struggle to attain a healthy serum albumin level. The low serum albumin level can be associated with increased morbidity and mortality of these patients.

Eggs are still among the least expensive sources of protein. USDA average price in 2020 for Grade A, large, per dozen price is $1.55 in the U.S.

The American Heart Association (AHA) in 2000 revised its dietary guidelines and gave healthy adults the green light to enjoy eggs once more. The AHA's guidelines currently allow an egg a day for healthy adults while still advising a complete daily cholesterol cap of 300 mg.

See: 80 Year Old Male with Chronic Kidney Disease Is Healed with Ayurvedic Treatment

Do eggs cause high cholesterol?

The confusion over eggs originates from their cholesterol content. One large egg packs 213 mg of cholesterol, translating to two-thirds of the recommended daily limit. When scientists learned that elevated blood cholesterol was associated with heart disease, foods high in cholesterol logically became suspect. After 25 years of research, it is now clear that cholesterol in food isn't the culprit -- saturated fat has a much more significant impact. Foods packed with saturated fat cause the body to make cholesterol, including full-fat dairy products and fatty meats.

With science on our side, we could once more enjoy the wonderfully nutritious egg. Together with milk, eggs contain the highest biological value (or gold standard) for protein. One egg contains only 75 calories but 7 g of high-fat protein, 1.6 g of saturated fat, 5 g of fat, and iron, vitamins, minerals, and carotenoids.

A generic egg has 213 mg cholesterol, 1 IU vitamin E, and 35-40 mg omega-3s.

The egg is packed with disease-fighting nutrients such as lutein and zeaxanthin. All these carotenoids may reduce the risk of age-related macular degeneration, the major cause of blindness in older adults. And brain development and memory might be improved by the choline content of eggs.

But the full health benefits of eggs can only be accomplished if you keep them correctly -- in the fridge -- and then cook them thoroughly to kill any potential bacteria.

See: Stages & Natural Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease

Eggs for eye health

Eggs are flexible and easy to prepare, which makes them a practical menu option. Although eggs contain a high protein amount, their yolks also contain high cholesterol, which many may think are of concern to individuals with renal disease, as they frequently are comorbid with heart disease. Research shows little evidence of the adverse effects of daily egg ingestion on cardiac risk factors for adults with coronary artery disease. We must also be reminded that saturated fat - not dietary cholesterol has the most dietary effect on raising blood cholesterol. One large yolk contains only 1.5 grams of saturated fat. More salient factors that affect elevated cholesterol are family history, age, sex, weight, physical activity, and anxiety.

Additional advantages of the egg yolk for renal patients comprise the antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin, which play a part in maintaining eye health. This fact is crucial for renal patients affected by retinopathy, macular degeneration, and other eye ailments. Other nutrients in the yolk are vitamins A, D, and E, choline, and riboflavin. At the end of the day, an individual's perspective can also be a consideration of paramount importance.

See: Easy Yoga Poses to Manage Chronic Kidney Disease CKD

References

1. USDA graded cage-free eggs: All they're cracked up to be. (2016). https://www.usda.gov/media/blog/2016/09/13/usda-graded-cage-free-eggs-all-theyre-cracked-be

2. Filipiak-Florkiewicz, A., et al. The quality of eggs (organic and nutraceutical vs. conventional) and their technological properties. (2017). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28339969

3. HDL (good), LDL (bad) cholesterol, and triglycerides. (2017). https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/cholesterol/hdl-good-ldl-bad-cholesterol-and-triglycerides

4. Kühn, J., et al. (2014). Free-range farming: A natural alternative to produce vitamin D-enriched eggs. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24607306

5. Egg, whole, boiled, or poached. (2019). https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/339005/nutrients

6. Rong, Y., et al. (2013). Egg consumption and risk of coronary heart disease and stroke: dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. http://www.bmj.com/content/346/bmj.e8539.full

7. Soliman, G. A. (2018). Dietary cholesterol and the lack of evidence in cardiovascular disease. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6024687/

8. Nutritional goals for age-sex groups based on dietary reference intakes and Dietary Guidelines recommendations. (2015). https://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015/guidelines/appendix-7/

9. Egg nutrition center, https://www.eggnutritioncenter.org/science-education/health-professional/for-patients-with-renal-disease-egg-yolk-is-gold/

 10. Kolbe RD, N. (2014.) Avoid Dialysis 10 Step Diet Plan for Healthier Kidneys.

11. http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-communication-programs/nkdep/a-z/eating-right/Pages/eating-right.aspx

12. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2878736/


See: Parsley and its impact on Chronic Kidney Disease

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