Vitiligo
329 Case Studies
42 Member Stories
23 Research

What is vitiligo or leucoderma?

Leucoderma, also called vitiligo is a skin disease that affects nearly 2% of the world population.  Allopathy practice now provides corrective steps, but no treatment. By comparison, the Charaka Samhita, an ancient Indian Ayurvedic text, describes leucoderma with recommendations for therapy. 

Vitiligo (Leucoderma) is characterized by the creation of white patches on the skin. Though it is a benign skin problem, vitiligo may influence your self-esteem. Ayurveda has demonstrated promising results by treating the individual as the whole rather than the symptoms. Vitiligo is an autoimmune condition where the skin pigment-producing cells are attacked and destroyed, resulting in irregular white patches of skin.

Vitiligo is a skin condition where skin areas shed their color. It may also affect the eyes, the inside of the mouth, and hair. Generally, the areas affected remain stained for the remainder of the individual's life. The status is photosensitive. This means that the affected regions will be more sensitive to sunlight than the ones which are not. It's difficult to predict if the stains will spread and how much. The spread may take weeks, or the spots might stay stable for months or even years. The lighter patches are far more visible in people with dark or tanned skin. Vitiligo is a chronic (long-term ) disease that leads to areas of skin to drop color. When skin cells that make color are attacked and destroyed, the skin turns a milky-white color.

Vitiligo can be classified into two types.

1. Segmented vitiligo: this sort of vitiligo tends to propagate fast but is stable compared to another type. It's asymmetrical and affects such parts of the skin that are linked to nerves which arise in the dorsal roots across the spinal cord.

2. Non- Segmental Vitiligo: this sort of vitiligo happens in equal proportions on each side of the body. This disorder affects the regions of the skin that are frequently exposed to sunlight, like the arms, neck, and face.

Causes: There's no known cause of vitiligo. Nonetheless, the probable causes are discovered to be injury from a stressful event, chemical exposure, and genetics. It might also result from complications from the immune system.

Symptoms:

1. The principal manifestation of vitiligo is the appearance of white spots on the skin.

2. The first patches that occur on the skin are somewhat pale in color, which becomes paler over time and ultimately turn white, thus making them look different and notable on the skin.

3. The advantage of these stains may become inflamed and cause itching.

4. Direct exposure to the skin can cause the symptoms to aggravate.

See: A Case of Vitiligo and Her Remission with Functional Medicine

Ayurvedic view of vitiligo

Based on Ayurveda, Leucoderma is caused because of the aggravation of Pitta Dosha. Pitta is an Ayurvedic comedy that symbolizes fire or heat and is shown in the skin. Aggravated Pitta contributes to the accumulation of ama (toxins) in deep layers of the skin, causing the state of leucoderma.

Pitta is of five kinds; among these is Bhrajak Pitta that provides coloration to skin. In Leucoderma, Bhrajak Pitta is imbalanced, and for that reason, the skin begins losing its color, and white spots appear. Along with Pitta Dosha, deeper body tissues such as Rasa Dhatu (nutrient plasma), Rakta (blood), Mansa (muscles), Lasika (lymph) are also included with the disease.

Treatment includes pacifying imbalanced body energies, cleansing the blood, and administering herbs to restore skin color. Poor digestion is the leading cause of the disease, as it results in the build-up of toxins from the tissues. A vital part of therapy, therefore, is restoring digestion. The individual will also be advised on the correct diet and lifestyle adjustments to avoid the recurrence of the disease.

Where can vitiligo occur? Vitiligo can develop anywhere in your body, such as:

Sun-exposed areas such as the hands, arms, feet, and face

within the mouth or other mucus membranes

Nostrils

Genitals

the rear of the eye

Inside the hearing system of the ear

Your hair can also turn gray or white if the regions involved have hair on it.

See: Ayurveda Pitta Diet to Balance Pitta Dosha

Ayurvedic medicine treatment for vitiligo

According to Ayurveda, Vitiligo or Shwitra is caused due to aggravation of Pitta from the body. Pitta is an Ayurvedic dosha that symbolizes fire and is manifested in the skin, together with other organs. Pitta consists of five types. One of these is Bhrajak Pitta, which gives coloration to the skin. In Vitiligo, Bhrajak Pitta gets uncontrollable, resulting in the creation of ama, which consequently impairs deeper body tissues like rasa dhatu (nutrients in food), rakta (blood), mamsa (muscles) and lasika (lymph). This process ultimately causes depigmentation of the skin.

The disease is deep-rooted and requires specific treatment that has appropriate food and specialized herbal mixtures to pacify Pitta and cleansing ama in the body, thereby treating the white spots and white skin. Another cause of happening vitiligo includes sunburns and psychological distress. It might be possible that the disease runs in your family.

Ayurveda offers the ideal treatment for vitiligo that corrects the disease's root cause and supplies long-term relief. Patients who believe in organic treatment should select the ayurvedic herbal remedy that's directed at managing the symptoms by removing the roots trigger. The Ayurvedic treatment combines the use of herbs and ayurvedic diet and panchakarma treatment.

Ayurvedic Treatments for Vitiligo and Leucoderma

- Neem (Azadirachta Indica): Neem has various antioxidant properties that help reduce the symptoms of vitiligo by destroying the free radicals within the body. It can also protect melanocytes against the harm caused by the free radicals and stop vitiligo from worsening.

- Haritaki (Terminalia Chebula): Haritaki is another commonly used ayurvedic medicine for Vitiligo or Leucoderma. It eliminates the free radicals that damage the melanocytes and acts as an antioxidant. Patients suffering from vitiligo can also face depression and anxiety that could also be preventing by Haritaki. Thus, to utilize haritaki is highly recommended in the acute cases of vitiligo. The patients that are at higher risk of developing psychological complications should go for Haritaki.

Bakuchi (Psoralea corylifolia): Bakuchi is the most frequently used ayurvedic medicine for reducing the vitiligo. It slowly and gradually reduces the appearance of the white spots and rejuvenates the skin.

Powders of different ayurvedic herbs such as khadir (epidermis ) powder, chitrak (root) powder, jatamansi (root) powder, and Amalaki (berry ) powder. This ayurvedic powder, also Phototherapy (natural) and panchakarma, provides high benefits in vitiligo patients.

Manjistha (Rubia Cordifolia): This herb possesses properties that help restore the normal skin color and prevent the epidermis' damage.

- Giloe (Tinospora Cordifilia): Giloe is the ideal remedy for vitiligo and many small and large health difficulties. You'll find it easily nearby your houses and rural areas. It prevents the destruction of the melanocytes from the immune cells that help to lessen the symptoms of vitiligo.

- Khadira (Acacia Catechu): Is the disease curable in the early stages? The answer is yes. It may be cured with the support of the herb Khadira. This herb is the best remedy for the disease if it's the initial phase of the disease. This herb has the potential to decrease the white stains within the skin and heal it as soon as possible if using it regularly.

Ayurvedic diet and lifestyle

When we attempt to control vitiligo, the first line of management is to detox our system. We will need to prevent the additional accumulation of poisonous in our system for which diet plays an essential role. So avoid all practice of frozen foodstuffs out of your everyday intakes and be sure to take a good deal of fruits nuts and drink plenty of water.

- Try to take some sour items in flavor like a bitter gourd, drumsticks, and others to stop the imbalance.

- Additionally, you will need to generate some space from the foods that are hard to digest together with sour flavor, excessive sodium, curd, fish, jaggery, and sesame seeds.

- You will need to prevent the consumption of opposite foods such as milk and fish together.

- Have adequate and sound sleep daily is essential for your wellbeing.

- Don't come in direct contact with sunlight and cold and, if necessary, then apply sunscreen to the places which are mainly exposing to sunlight. Drinking water from a copper vessel can help with vitiligo.

See: Haritaki Benefits, Side Effects, & Preparations

Summary

The Ayurvedic Way of treating vitiligo not only entails treating the white patch itself but also addressing the underlying causes of this illness, making sure it does not replicate. Ayurveda aims to stop the spreading of white spots, and then start working on curing the disease by shrinking the white spots, rejuvenating skin tissue, and promoting the development of melanoblasts that covers the white spots.


See: Panchakarma

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