Pancreatitis
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Acute pancreatitis occurs when inflammation is often triggered by infection. In cases of chronic pancreatitis, where flare-ups recur over time, your diet may have a lot to do with this issue. Paying close attention to your diet might help alleviate abdominal pain which accompanies this condition. If you pick your food well, you may give your pancreas a rest and allow it to recover.

What is pancreatitis?

Pancreas help regulate the way your body processes sugar. Additionally, it serves an important role in releasing enzymes and assisting you in digesting food. The pancreas can't perform its function when it gets inflamed. This problem is known as pancreatitis. Because the pancreas is so tightly tied to a digestive process, it is affected by what you decide to eat. Acute pancreatitis occurs when inflammation is often triggered by infection.

In cases of chronic pancreatitis, where flare-ups recur over time, your diet may have a lot to do with this issue. Researchers are finding out more about foods that can protect and heal your pancreas. What you eat can have a massive impact on how you feel, especially when you have pancreatitis - a condition that occurs when the organ that creates your digestive enzymes becomes inflamed.

Paying close attention to your diet might help alleviate abdominal pain which accompanies this condition. If you pick your food well, you may give your pancreas a rest and allow it to recover. It's crucial to understand which foods you can eat, which ones you should avoid, and how those choices can affect your entire body.

Watch: Ayurvedic treatment for pancreatitis video

Causes of pancreatitis

The most frequent cause of chronic pancreatitis is drinking too much alcohol, as stated by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Pancreatitis may also be hereditary, or the manifestation of an autoimmune response. In most cases of acute pancreatitis, the problem is triggered by a blocked bile duct or gallstones.

See: Foods & herbs good for pancreatitis

How does diet affect pancreatitis?

Why does food matter for pancreatitis?

With inflamed pancreas, your body can not produce enough of the digestive enzymes which help absorb nutrients from your diet. Over time, one can become malnourished and even start losing weight. A different diet may make it much easier for your pancreas to perform its job.

Changes in diet do not affect all patients in the exact same way. The effect depends on if you have an acute or chronic case of pancreatitis. Patients with mild pancreatitis may benefit from diet and lifestyle changes alone. However, diet isn't necessarily enough by itself to control symptoms in moderate to severe cases.


See: Turmeric Curcumin Health Benefits & Side Effects

Diet tips & changes for pancreatitis recovery

Recovering through your diet

If you have suffered an acute pancreatitis episode, you can help speed your recovery with a few lifestyle and dietary changes. Try these tips:

Don't smoke or drink alcohol.

Eat 6 to 8 smaller meals a day. It is easier on your pancreas.

Add 1 to 2 tbsp of MCTs to your everyday diet, and you are able to continue this if you've severe chronic pancreatitis.

Limit your total fat intake to less than 30 g every day. Eliminate saturated fats.

Take multivitamin supplements to replenish vitamins A, D, E, K, B12, folic acid, and zinc.

Drink fluids to stay hydrated.

If your abdominal pain continues, your physician can also refer you to a pain management expert. Ultimately, controlling your diet is often an effective way to safeguard your pancreas. Whether the inflammation is acute or chronic, minimize the excess workload for the pancreas. Concentrate on eating a low-carb diet that will not tax or inflame your pancreas.

See: Strawberries nutrition health benefits

Best foods to eat for pancreatitis

What to eat if you have pancreatitis

To get your own pancreas healthy, consume foods low in animal fats, rich in protein, and those that contain antioxidants. Focus on beans and lentils, clear soups, lean meats, and dairy options. Your pancreas won't have to work as difficult to process these.

Foods good for pancreatitis

A pancreas diet is low in animal fats and simple sugars and high in protein from lean meats. You should eat loads of veggies & fruits, whole grains, beans, and lentils, low-fat or nonfat dairy. Antioxidant-rich foods like dark, leafy vegetables, red berries, strawberries, blueberries, sweet potatoes, grapes, carrots, walnuts, and pomegranates can also be beneficial. Eat avocado, olive oil, fatty fish, nuts, and seeds.

The Mediterranean diet is a fantastic option for you if you're recovering from mild acute pancreatitis.

Why are these foods useful?

Focusing on vegetables, fruits, and whole grains restricts your cholesterol intake and increases your fiber intake. This decreases your risk of developing gallstones or high triglycerides, which are one of the major causes of acute pancreatitis. Antioxidants fight the free radicals in our bodies, helping reduce inflammation.

Adding medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) - fats that are frequently derived from coconut or palm kernel oil - may also help improve your nutrient absorption in the setting of chronic pancreatitis.

Research indicates that a few people with pancreatitis can endure up to 30 to 40 percent of calories from fat when it is from whole-food plant resources or medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs). Others do better with considerably lower fat intake, such as 50 g or less per day.

Spinach, strawberries, blueberries, cherries, and whole grains may work to protect your digestion and fight the free radicals which harm your organs.

If you are craving something sweet, reach for fruit instead of added sugars because those with pancreatitis are also at high risk for diabetes. Consider cucumbers and hummus, cherry tomatoes, and fruit as your go-to snacks. Your pancreas will thank you.

See: Sesame Seeds Health Benefits And Nutrition Facts

Foods to avoid for pancreatitis

Don't eat these foods if you have pancreatitis.

If you are trying to fight pancreatitis, avoid trans-fatty acids in your diet. Fried or processed foods, like french fries and fast-food hamburgers, are a few of the worst culprits. Organ meats, full-fat dairy, potato chips, and mayonnaise also top the list of foods to restrict. Cooked or deep-fried foods may trigger a flare-up of pancreatitis. You will also need to cut back on the refined flour found in cakes, pastries, and cookies. These foods may tax the digestive tract by causing your insulin levels to spike.

Be sure to restrict:

- Red meat

- Organ meat

- French fries, potato chips

- Mayonnaise

- Margarine, butter

- Full-fat dairy

- Pastries

- Sodas & sugary drinks


Why are these foods dangerous?

Your pancreas processes the majority of the fat you consume. So, the more you consume, the more difficult your pancreas works. High-fat foods and simple sugars also raise your triglyceride levels. This increases the fat in your blood and boosts your risk for acute pancreatitis. Research also indicates that processed meat and red meat raises pancreatic cancer risk.

See: Sun Dried Tomatoes Nutrition Facts & Health Benefits

Nutrition and supplements for pancreatitis

Complementary remedies for pancreatitis

If your pancreas are harmed by pancreatitis, a change in your diet could help you feel better. But it may not be sufficient to restore the role of the pancreas completely. Your doctor may prescribe artificial or supplemental pancreatic enzymes that you take with each meal.

If you are still experiencing pain from chronic pancreatitis, consider an alternative treatment like acupuncture or yoga to supplement your doctor's prescribed pancreatitis therapy. Endoscopic ultrasound or surgery may be recommended as another course of action if your pain persists. Individuals susceptible to pancreatitis should abstain from alcohol intake completely.

Scientific research indicates that increasing your intake of antioxidants can help protect against pancreatitis or relieve symptoms of the problem. Alcohol-induced pancreatitis is related to low levels of antioxidants as well. Antioxidants can be found in many fruits and green vegetables. Physicians may recommend increasing your intake of antioxidants to help rid the body of free radicals. Low levels of antioxidants in the bloodstream can make someone more likely to develop pancreatitis. 

Following these nutritional tips can help reduce symptoms and risks:

Eat antioxidant-rich foods, such as fruits (like strawberries, blueberries, cherries, and berries) and vegetables (like squash and bell pepper).

Eat foods containing high amounts of B-vitamins and iron, such as whole grains, dark leafy greens like spinach and kale, and sea vegetables.

•    Remove all suspected food allergens, such as dairy-based products (milk, eggs, cheese, and ice cream), corn, wheat (gluten), soy, preservatives, and chemical food additives. Your healthcare provider might want to check you for allergies.

Avoid refined foods, such as sugar, white bread, and white pasta.

Eat fewer red meats and much more lean meats, cold-water fish, tofu (soy, if no allergies ), or legumes for protein.

Use healthy oils such as extra virgin olive oil or coconut oil in cooking. 

Reduce significantly or remove trans-fatty acids, found in commercially-baked products such as cakes, and donuts. Eliminate fried foods and snacks such as french fries, processed foods, and margarine.

Abstain from alcohol, tobacco, and coffee.

Drink eight glasses of filtered water every day.

Exercise moderately for 30 minutes each day, five days per week.

You may address nutritional minerals and vitamin deficiencies with the following supplements:

Once a day multivitamin including the Vitamins A, C, E, D, B-complex vitamins, calcium, zinc, selenium, and magnesium, 

Omega-3 fatty acids, such as fish oil, 1 to 2 capsules to decrease inflammation and enhance immunity. Omega-3 fatty acids may have a blood-thinning effect and can increase the impact of blood-thinning drugs, such as aspirin.

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) for immune, antioxidant activity, and helping the blood clot.

Vitamin C as an antioxidant.

Probiotic supplement for the maintenance of gastrointestinal and immune health. Some probiotic supplements need refrigeration. Speak to your doctor.

Alpha-lipoic acid for antioxidant support.


See: Ayurvedic Diet

Herbs for pancreatitis

Herbs are available as dried extracts (capsules or tablets), teas, or tinctures/liquid extracts. Mix the liquid extracts herbs with water or your favorite beverage for intake. The dosage for tea is 1 to 2 tsp/cup water steeped for 10 minutes. Herbs shouldn't be used alone to treat pancreatitis, but some herbs may help alongside conventional medical therapy. Tell your doctor about any herb or complementary treatment you might be considering. Many herbs can interfere with certain medications. Speak to your doctor.

Green tea (Camellia sinensis) standardized extract, 250 to 500 milligrams daily. Use caffeine-free products. You might also prepare teas in the leaf of the herb. Green tea has strong antioxidant properties. Green tea can possibly worsen anemia and nausea.

Indian gooseberry (Emblica Officinalis) powder, 3-6 grams daily in your favorite beverage for antioxidant support. Emblica is a traditional Ayurvedic medicinal plant used in the treatment of pancreatic disorders. It's a powerful antioxidant and among the richest natural sources of vitamin C. Animal studies indicate that this herb may be used to prevent pancreatitis. Indian gooseberry may increase the chance of bleeding, particularly among those who take anti-seizure drugs. Speak with your health care provider.

Cat's claw (Uncaria tomentosa) standardized extract, 20 mg, three times each day, for inflammation and immune stimulation. Cat's claw may interact with many drugs and may have deleterious effects on patients with leukemia and Parkinson's disease. As an immune response, there's some concern that the cat's claw can worsen the autoimmune disorder.

Holy basil (Ocimum sanctum) standardized extract, 400 mg per day, for antioxidant protection. Holy basil may have a blood-thinning impact and might increase the impact of blood-thinning drugs, such as warfarin(Coumadin) and aspirin.

Rhodiola (Rhodiola Rosea) standardized extract, 150 to 300 mg, 1 to 3 times per day, for immune support. Rhodiola is an "adaptogen" that also helps the body adapt to different stresses.

Reishi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum), 150 to 300 mg, two to three times per day, for immunity and inflammation. You may also have a tincture of the mushroom extract, 30 to 60 drops, two to three times a day. High doses of Reishi may have a blood-thinning impact and might increase the impact of blood-thinning drugs, such as warfarin (Coumadin) and aspirin. Reishi may reduce blood pressure, so you need to use additional caution if you take blood pressure medicine.

Grape seed extract (Vinis vinifera) standardized extract, 100 to 300 mg per day for antioxidant support. Grape seed extract may have a blood-thinning impact and might increase the impact of blood-thinning drugs, such as warfarin (Coumadin) and aspirin, in addition to other drug interactions. Speak with your health care provider.


TCM and Chinese Herbs: Case reports suggest that Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) can be effective for treating and preventing pancreatitis. To ascertain the perfect regimen, consult with a skilled herbalist or licensed and accredited practitioner of TCM, and maintain all your medical care providers informed of any supplements, herbs, and drugs you're taking.

Chinese herbs to manage pancreatitis include:

Licorice root (Glycyrrhiza glabra)

Ginger root (Zingiber officinale)

Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng)

Peony root (Paeonia officinalis)

Cinnamon Chinese Bark (Cinnamomum Verum)

See: Turmeric Curcumin Health Benefits & Side Effects

References

Pancreatitis. (n.d.). niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/pancreatitis

Pancreatitis diet. (n.d.). columbiasurgery.org/pancreas/pancreatitis-diet

Rasmussen HH, et al. (2013). Nutrition in chronic pancreatitis. DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v19.i42.7267

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2018). Pancreatitis. mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pancreatitis/symptoms-causes/dxc-20252598

Nutrition guidelines for chronic pancreatitis, patient education. (2012).

stanfordhealthcare.org/content/dam/SHC/for-patients-component/programs-services/clinical-nutrition-services/docs/pdf-therapyforchronicpancreatitis.pdf

Shea JC, et al. (2000). Advances in nutritional management of chronic pancreatitis. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10981031

Banks PA, et al. (2010). The management of acute and chronic pancreatitis. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2886461

Chronic pancreatitis. (2014). health.harvard.edu/digestive-health/chronic-pancreatitis-

See: Ayurvedic herbs for detoxification

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