Garlic Health Benefits & Nutrition Facts


Garlic Health Benefits for Medical Condition:
Cardiovascular Disorders | Anti-inflammatory | Infections | Cancer| Iron Metabolism | High Blood Pressure | High Cholesterol | Dementia | Alzheimer’s | Detoxification | Healthy Bones | 
Nutrition Facts of Garlic:
(per 100 grams of garlic):
Nutrients Amount
Energy 623 kJ (149 kcal)
water 58.58
Carbohydrates 33.06 g
Sugars 1 g
Dietary fiber 2.1 g
Fat 0.5 g
Protein 6.36 g
Vitamins
Thiamine (B1) 0.2 mg
Riboflavin (B2) 0.11 mg
Niacin (B3) 0.7 mg
Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.596 mg
Vitamin B6 1.235 mg
Folate (B9) 3 μg
Vitamin C 31.2 mg
Minerals
Calcium 181 mg
Iron 1.7 mg
Magnesium 25 mg
Manganese 1.672 mg
Phosphorus 153 mg
Potassium 401 mg
Selenium 14.2 μg
Zinc 1.16 mg

Source: USDA. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28

Garlic Health Benefits:
Heart Disease:
Garlic is rich in the antioxidant compound, allicin. This compound facilitates nitric oxide release which decreases the stiffness of the blood vessels, thereby decreasing the blood pressure. It also reduces the blood clot formation in the body. This along with its fibrinolytic action decreases the risk of heart diseases, strokes, and peripheral vascular diseases. Allicin decreases the cholesterol levels by inhibiting the activity of the HMG-CoA reductase enzyme, present in the liver cells.

Antioxidants:
Garlic is fortified with many antioxidant compounds like lutein, beta-carotene, zeaxanthin and vitamin C. These compounds scavenge the free radicals and prevent the formation of several diseases like inflammatory disorders, heart diseases, and even cancer. This effect of garlic in reducing the cardiovascular diseases and blood pressure also helps in reducing neurological diseases like dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.

Anti-inflammatory Properties:
Garlic contains the sulfur compounds like diallyl sulfide (DAS) and thiacremonone which are known anti-inflammatory compounds and have been proven to have anti-arthritic properties. Garlic also prevents inflammation of the upper respiratory tract. Obesity is characterized by a low-level inflammation. Garlic contains a compound called, 1,2,-vinyldithiin, which decreases the obesity-related inflammation in the body.