Beets Nutrition Facts, Health Benefits & Side Effects
How This Helps
What are Beets good for?
Beets are known in botany as Beta vulgaris and are a root vegetable that slightly resembles turnips. They usually have a rough outer skin that covers their origin, which may be attached to their long green leaves and stem.
Early studies show that beet greens were used for food, whereas the sources had medicinal uses. Using beets for sugar now done using sugar beets began in the 18th century.
If you've ever handled beets, you're acquainted with their ability to color everything they touch. This feature made them perfect for decorative uses throughout the 1800s. Beet pigment is now a natural alternative to commercial food colorings and utilized in tomato paste, candy, and jams. Famous for their deep red color, beets come in several forms. But the most common ones are red beets.
Beets nutrition facts
Beetroots are high in folate, manganese, and aluminum. Folate is vital for DNA synthesis and preventing neural tube defects in babies. It's been shown to reduce the risk of heart disease, cancer, and depression. Manganese is required for enzymatic processes in your body, in addition to metabolism, healthy bones, and wound healing. Beet greens are packed with vitamins A, C, K, and B2. Red beets obtain their abundant pigment from phytonutrients called betalains. The two most well-known betalains are vulgaxanthin and betanin, which have antioxidant, cancer-fighting, and anti-inflammatory properties.
Serving size: 100 g
Water 87.58 g
Energy 43 kcal
Protein 1.61 g
Total lipid (fat) 0.17 g
Carbohydrate, by difference 9.56 g
Fiber, total dietary 2.8 g
Sugars, total 6.76 g
Calcium, Ca 16 mg
Iron, Fe 0.8 mg
Magnesium, Mg 23 mg
Phosphorus, P 40 mg
Potassium, K 325 mg
Sodium, Na 78 mg
Zinc, Zn 0.35 mg
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 4.9 mg
Thiamin 0.031 mg
Riboflavin 0.04 mg
Niacin 0.334 mg
Vitamin B-6 0.067 mg
Folate, DFE 109 µg
Vitamin A, RAE 2 µg
Vitamin A, IU 33 IU
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 0.04 mg
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 0.2 µg
Fatty acids, total saturated 0.027 g
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated 0.032 g
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated 0.06 g
Source: USDA Nutrient Database No. 28
Beets health benefits
Beets have some significant benefits for you:
1. Heart health
Beetroot can help decrease blood pressure. A 2015 analysis of 68 individuals with high blood pressure analyzed the effects of drinking 250 milliliters of beetroot juice daily. Researchers found that action lowered blood pressure significantly after ingestion. They indicate that this antihypertensive effect was due to the elevated levels of nitrate from the beet juice. They recommend consuming high nitrate vegetables as a practical, low-cost approach to help treat hypertension. Nevertheless, people shouldn't stop taking prescribed blood pressure medicine without first talking to a doctor.
Reducing high blood pressure can help prevent heart failure, stroke, heart attacks, and other life-threatening complications of CVD. It can be done by making dietary changes and through other lifestyle modifications. High blood pressure is identified as a significant risk factor for CVD (cardiovascular disease).
Beets contain an antioxidant called alpha-lipoic acid. This chemical may help lower glucose levels and increase insulin sensitivity. A review of research looked at the ramifications of lipoic acid on diabetic neuropathy symptoms. Researchers found that the administration of lipoic acid supplements caused a reduction in symptoms of peripheral and autonomic neuropathy for those with diabetes. One element to note is that the majority of the doses in these studies were much higher than the ones that can be found in beetroot. The effects of smaller dietary dosages aren't yet clear from the available research.
Consuming enough fiber is critical for smooth digestion and gut health. One cup of beetroot packs 3.81 grams of fiber.
According to USDA (United States Department of Agriculture), one cup of beets can supply more than 8.81 percent of a person's daily requirement of fiber, based on their sex and age. Including beetroot from the diet is one way a person can increase their fiber intake.
4. Athletic performance
Some studies show that beetroot juice supplementation can enhance the amount of oxygen that muscles consume during exercise. A study found that high doses of beetroot juice improved the time trial results of seasoned cyclists.
Another study analyzed 12 recreationally active female volunteers. However, the researchers didn't discover that beetroot juice supplementation enhanced the participants' athletic performance. Further study is needed to confirm these advantages of beetroot on exercise performance.
5. Cancer Care
A recent review of studies found that certain compounds in beets can interrupt the cancerous mutations of cells. Such chemicals include betalains, which are pigments that provide beets their red and yellow color.
Although additional research is essential before caregivers can advocate beets as a replacement for other standard cancer risk reduction procedures, they might have some role in reducing the risk of this illness.
The betalain in beets can help reduce inflammation. Researchers think it is partially due to interfering with the inflammatory signaling process. The anti-inflammatory effects are quite encouraging. Some researchers believe beetroot extracts in supplements may do the job of certain synthetic drugs. Inflammation is a critical problem in many health problems, including heart disease, cancer, and obesity.
One study of individuals with knee pain discovered that a twice-daily dose of focused betalain decreased pain with improved joint function in people suffering from osteoarthritis in their knee joints. Another group was given oat bran powder to get a placebo. The group who were given the oat bran powder saw much less growth.
Many cognitive disorders appear to be triggered by an interruption in nitric oxide pathways. It's logical then that nitrates in beets can help improve brain function by boosting oxygen circulation. A study published at the Journal of Gerontology demonstrated the capacity of beet juice to boost blood flow to the brain during exercise. None of the participants often exercised, and all were on blood pressure medication.
They've been asked to exercise for 50 minutes, three times per week, for six weeks, on a treadmill. Half drank high-nitrate beet juice concentrate prior to exercise, and half an identically flavored and colored placebo drink with nearly zero nitrates. Individuals who consumed the beet juice drink showed improved function in the regions of the brain connected to engine control, emotion, and cognition, compared to those in the placebo group.
Beets are high in copper, zinc, and vitamins A and C nutrients have proven to boost immunity. Vitamin A stimulates your white blood cells, which help ward off infections. Beets also include iron, which is necessary to carry oxygen through your body, keep your cells healthy, and enhance immune defense.
Beets have been used as an aphrodisiac from the time of the Romans. Beets are rich in boron that may play a role in sex hormone production. The efficacy of dietary nitrates in beets to boost blood flow can reap sexual health too. And some studies suggest beet juice might be useful in treating erectile dysfunction.
It is not surprising that eating fruits and vegetables is terrific for the eyes -- especially people with rich pigments.
Beets include lutein and zeaxanthin, which are well-studied for their positive impact on eyesight. Consuming these carotenoids can slow and stop the growth of age-related macular degeneration, the leading cause of adult vision loss in the united states.
Beets have loads of nutrients that keep your liver healthy -- such as antioxidants, iron, vitamin B, and betaine. Beetroot may help protect the liver from inflammation and oxidative damage. This is attributed to the betaines in beets that help the liver eliminate toxins. And betalains promote the detoxification process. Furthermore, pectin, a water-soluble fiber in these root vegetables, helps flush out toxins from the liver.
Beets side effects
While beets have many benefits, they may have a few drawbacks and side effects to consider:
- They are quite high in oxalates that can reduce the absorption of some nutrients like calcium and iron. If you have beets in your diet, you may need to find iron and calcium from other sources. Too many oxalates can also increase the likelihood of kidney stones, especially in people with a predisposition.
- They're relatively high in natural sugar. Beets have a reasonably high glycemic load. But, one serving of 1/2 cup of beets has a negligible effect on blood glucose.
- They can surprise you that the next day in urine & feces color. Do not be concerned, but I feel it necessary to let you remember when you eat beets. Beets not only stain countertops and garments; they also pass through the digestive tract through the next day or two. This is such a frequent occurrence known as beeturia.
How red your urine or feces will become depends on a few things:
- portions you eat,
- how long beets remain in your system,
- your stomach acid at the moment, and
- the presence of lactic acid in your body
See: Insulin Side Effects
How do you store beets?
How to Store Beets
Proper storage is essential for keeping beets fresh. Avoid beets with wilted greens since this reduces shelf life.
Scrub beets first and then dry them thoroughly before placing them in a bag. Store them in the drawer of your refrigerator. They could stay firm for around a few months. Beet greens are tasty and nutritious as well and might be utilized in much the same manner that you might use chard or spinach. To maintain beet greens, wash, dry, and wrap them in a paper towel and keep them in the fridge. They should be just fine for up to two weeks.
Beets give many benefits from the heart to your mind to your overall disease-fighting immunity. But consider the minor side effects before going all out on a beet diet.
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